Sobre a obra

A união dos melhores especialistas para criar a principal referência em medicina interna do mundo: assim pode ser definido este clássico da literatura médica. O Harrison permanece fiel ao compromisso com os padrões de excelência que o consagraram, ao mesmo tempo em que acompanha a evolução das ciências da saúde e mantém sua convicção de que, na profissão da medicina, somos todos eternos estudantes.

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Organizadores

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J. Larry Jameson

MD, PhD
Executive Vice President University of Pennsylvania for the Health System Dean, University of Pennsylvania School of Medicine.

Dr. J. Larry Jameson é Robert G. Dunlop Professor of Medicine e diretor da Perelman School of Medicine da University of Pennsylvania. Graduou-se em medicina pela University of North Carolina e fez residência em medicina interna e em endocrinologia no Massachusetts General Hospital, onde também foi chefe da Unidade de Tireoide. Antes de assumir a liderança da University of Pennsylvania em 2011, Dr. Jameson atuou em diversos cargos de liderança na Northwestern University’s Feinberg School of Medicine, incluindo a chefia da Divisão de Endocrinologia, do Departamento de Medicina e da Escola de Medicina. A pesquisa de Dr. Jameson, um prolífico escritor e pesquisador, enfatiza as bases genéticas dos distúrbios hormonais. Ele é autor de mais de 300 artigos científicos, organizador do Medicina interna de Harrison , o livro de medicina mais utilizado no mundo, e do Jameson and DeGroot’s Endocrinology , que está em sua 7ª edição. Como professor visitante, foi convidado para apresentações em instituições líderes no mundo todo.
Dr. Jameson já recebeu diversos prêmios, incluindo o Van Meter Award da American Thyroid Association, o Ernst Oppenheimer Award da Endocrine Society, o Sheen Award do American College of Surgeons, o Outstanding Science Award do American College of Physicians, e o Fred Conrad Koch Award, a mais alta honraria da Endocrine Society. Entre diversas distinções e honras profissionais, Dr. Jameson atuou como presidente da Endocrine Society e foi eleito membro da American Society for Clinical Investigation, da Association of American Physicians, da American Academy of Arts and Sciences, e do Institute of Medicine, instituído pela National Academy of Sciences para honrar a conquista profissional nas ciências da saúde. Atuou como membro do conselho médico do Howard Hughes Medical Institute e como diretor do American Board of Internal Medicine.

Anthony S. Fauci

MD
Director, National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases (NIAID) Chief, NIAID Laboratory of Immunoregulation National Institutes of Health, Bethesda, Maryland.

Dr. Anthony S. Fauci é diretor do National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases (NIAID) do US National Institutes of Health, onde supervisiona um amplo portfolio de pesquisas dedicadas a prevenir, diagnosticar e tratar doenças infecciosas e imunomediadas. Dr. Fauci também atua como conselheiro principal da Casa Branca e do Department of Health and Human Services em assuntos globais sobre a Aids e em iniciativas para apoiar o preparo médico e de saúde pública contra ameaças de doenças infecciosas emergentes, como a influenza pandêmica. Ele foi um dos principais arquitetos do President’s Emergency Plan for AIDS Relief, que ajudou a salvar milhões de vidas nos países em desenvolvimento. Dr. Fauci também é chefe de longa data do Laboratory of Immunoregulation do NIAID. Ele tem contribuído grandemente para a pesquisa básica e clínica sobre a patogênese e o tratamento de infecções e doenças imunomediadas. Ele foi um dos pioneiros no campo da imunorregulação humana, realizando observações científicas fundamentais que servem de base para a compreensão atual da regulação da resposta imune humana. Além disso, Dr. Fauci é amplamente reconhecido por estabelecer os mecanismos precisos pelos quais os agentes imunossupressores modulam a resposta imune humana. Ele desenvolveu terapias efetivas para doenças inflamatórias e imunomediadias anteriormente fatais, como poliarterite nodosa, granulomatose com poliangeíte (anteriormente granulomatose de Wegener) e granulomatose linfomatoide.
Dr. Fauci lançou as bases para a compreensão de como o vírus da imunodeficiência humana (HIV) destrói as defesas do organismo, provocando sua suscetibilidade a infecções letais. Além disso, ele tem sido importante no desenvolvimento de estratégias altamente eficazes para terapia de pacientes que vivem com HIV/Aids, bem como para uma vacina que previne a infecção pelo HIV. Dr. Fauci continua a dedicar muito do seu tempo de pesquisa à identificação da natureza dos mecanismos imunopatogênicos da infecção do HIV e o alcance da resposta imune do corpo ao HIV. Dr. Fauci é membro da National Academy of Sciences e recebeu inúmeros prêmios por suas conquistas científicas e em saúde global, incluindo a National Medal of Science, a Robert Koch Medal, o Mary Woodard Lasker Award for Public Service, e a Presidential Medal of Freedom. Ele recebeu 38 títulos de doutor honorário e é autor, coautor ou editor de mais de 1.200 publicações científicas, incluindo diversos livros-texto importantes.

Dennis L. Kasper

MD
William Ellery Channing Professor of Medicine and Professor of Microbiology and Immunobiology, Division of Immunology, Department of Microbiology and Immunobiology, Harvard Medical School, Boston, Massachusetts.

Dr. Kasper elucidou as estruturas e papéis patogênicos de todos os nove polissacarídeos capsulares e importantes proteínas de superfície de estreptococos do grupo B, obtendo uma vacina glicoconjugada altamente imunogênica que está atualmente em estudos clínicos. Subsequentemente, delineou a centralidade da microbiota no desenvolvimento, na maturação e na regulação do sistema imune, iniciando assim uma área de pesquisa nova e extremamente ativa. Ele definiu o papel de bactérias e moléculas bacterianas da microbiota específica do hospedeiro no desenvolvimento imunológico e na patogênese de doenças autoimunes e infecciosas; além disso, definiu o potencial terapêutico destes microrganismos e moléculas. Integrando microbiologia e imunologia para estudar o mutualista intestinal Bacteroides fragilis, Dr. Kasper identificou loci genéticos de oito polissacarídeos; entre eles, descobriu que o polissacarídeo A (PSA) é essencial para a maturação imune sistêmica/da mucosa. Ele demonstrou que o PSA estimula a imunidade inata (receptor 2 semelhante ao Toll) e adaptativa e é suficiente para restaurar o equilíbrio TH1/TH2 em camundongos TH2-skewed livres de germes. Dr. Kasper também demonstrou que o PSA apresentado por células dendríticas provoca a produção de interleucina 10 por células T reguladoras e pode prevenir e tratar a doença de Crohn experimental. Ele definiu o papel da microbiota no estabelecimento precoce do número de células T natural killer invariáveis (iNKT) no cólon e no pulmão, e identificou outra molécula microbiana imunomodulatória, glycosphingolipid Bf717, que confere resistência por toda a vida contra retocolite ulcerativa experimental através de imunorregulação da homeostase pró-inflamatória da célula iNKT.
Dr. Kasper atuou como presidente do conselho científico do National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases, como presidente da International Society for Infectious Diseases, como reitor de programas acadêmicos da Harvard Medical School, como pesquisador principal do New England Regional Center of Excellence for Biodefense and Emerging Infectious Diseases, como pesquisador principal do Center of Excellence for Translational Research in Bacteriology da Harvard Medical School, e como presidente do National Science Advisory Board on Biosecurity. Ele também é membro do Institute of Medicine da National Academy of Sciences. Dr. Kasper foi o organizador-chefe da 16ª e 19ª edições do Medicina interna de Harrison, além de ter sido o organizador da Parte sobre Doenças infecciosas. É autor de mais de 450 publicações clínicas e de pesquisa, abrangendo diversos assuntos relacionados a doenças infecciosas, imunologia e microbiologia.

Stephen L. Hauser

MD
Robert A. Fishman Distinguished Professor Chair, Department of Neurology University of California, San Francisco.

A pesquisa de Dr. Hauser, um neuroimunologista, aumentou nossa compreensão das bases genéticas, dos mecanismos imunológicos e do tratamento da esclerose múltipla. Dr. Hauser é fellow da American Academy of Arts and Sciences e da American Academy of Physicians, além de ser membro do Institute of Medicine da National Academy of Sciences (ex-chefe do Committee on Gulf War and Health Outcomes e do Committee on Long-Term Effects of Blast Exposure). Atuou como editor-chefe dos Annals of Neurology , é ex-presidente da American Neurological Association e presidente do corpo médico na University of California, San Francisco (UCSF). Também atua em diversos conselhos científicos de organizações sem fins lucrativos. Dr. Hauser recebeu inúmeros prêmios e honrarias por seu trabalho, incluindo o Jacob Javits Neuroscience Investigator Award, o John Dystel Prize e o Charcot Award for Multiple Sclerosis Research. Em 2010, Dr. Hauser foi indicado pelo presidente Obama para a Presidential Commission for the Study of Bioethical Issues, ficando encarregado de aconselhar o presidente em assuntos que podem surgir dos avanços na biomedicina e em áreas correlatas da ciência e tecnologia.
Ele é graduado pelo Massachusetts Institute of Technology (Phi Beta Kappa) e pela Harvard Medical School (Magna Cum Laude). Realizou sua residência em medicina interna no New York Hospital-Cornell Medical Center, em neurologia no Massachusetts General Hospital, em imunologia na Harvard Medical School e no Institute Pasteur, em Paris. Dr. Hauser era docente na Harvard Medical School antes de se transferir para a UCSF.

Dan L. Longo

MD
Professor, Department of Medicine, Harvard Medical School Senior Physician, Brigham and Women’s Hospital Deputy Editor, New England Journal of Medicine, Boston, Massachusetts Adjunct Investigator, National Institute on Aging, Baltimore, Maryland.

Professor, Department of Medicine, Harvard Medical School Senior Physician, Brigham and Women’s Hospital Deputy Editor, New England Journal of Medicine, Boston, Massachusetts Adjunct Investigator, National Institute on Aging, Baltimore, Maryland
Dr. Dan L. Longo recebeu seu título de Bachelor of Arts na Washington University, St Louis, e graduou-se em medicina pela University of Missouri. Durante o curso de medicina, ele estagiou por um ano na área de patologia, com ênfase em hematologia, como Post-Sophomore Fellow. Seu treinamento em medicina interna foi realizado no Hospital Peter Bent Brigham da Harvard Medical School. Especializou-se em oncologia no National Cancer Institute e fez estudos laboratoriais em nível de pós-doutorado no Laboratory of Immunology, National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases. Após completar sua formação em 1980, tornou-se pesquisador sênior no Medicine Branch do National Cancer Institute. Em 1985, Dr. Longo foi nomeado diretor do Biological Response Modifiers Program, do National Cancer Institute. Em 1995, ele assumiu o cargo de diretor científico do National Institute on Aging. Em 2010, tornou-se editor adjunto do New England Journal of Medicine e Senior Physician no Brigham and Women’s Hospital. Dr. Longo publicou mais de 880 artigos científicos e capítulos de livros, é editor associado do Journal of the National Cancer Institute e conselheiro editorial de diversos outros periódicos científicos. Além de sua participação no Medicina interna de Harrison , é organizador do livro Cancer chemotherapy and biotherapy: principles and practice, com Bruce Chabner.
Dr. Longo elucidou os mecanismos pelos quais as células natural killer regulam a hematopoiese, os tumores inibem a função da célula T e os sinais de ativação induzem a morte celular neoplásica. Desenvolveu tratamentos que aumentam a sobrevida de pacientes com linfoma e doença de Hodgkin e foi pioneiro na adoção de anticorpos, citocinas, terapias celulares e vacinas para o tratamento de câncer. Em reconhecimento ao seu trabalho, Dr. Longo foi eleito membro da American Society of Clinical Investigation e da Association of American Physicians, estando no grupo de 1% (topo do ranking) dos autores mais citados em biociências. Dr. Longo recebeu o prêmio Dr. Tovi Comet-Welerstein da Bar-Ilan University, Israel, por sua contribuição à ciência.

Joseph Loscalzo

MD, PhD
Hersey Professor of the Theory and Practice of Medicine, Harvard Medical School Chairman, Department of Medicine, Physician-in-Chief, Brigham and Women's Hospital, Boston, Massachusetts.

Dr. Loscalzo concluiu seu bacharelado (AB degree) com louvor (summa cum laude), sua graduação em medicina e seu doutorado em bioquímica pela University of Pennsylvania. Seu treinamento clínico foi realizado no Brigham and Women's Hospital e na Harvard School of Medicine, onde foi residente e residente-chefe em medicina e fellow em medicina cardiovascular. Em 1984, Dr. Loscalzo passou a integrar as equipes da Harvard e do Brigham and Women's Hospital. Posteriormente, foi professor associado de medicina, chefe da cardiologia do West Roxbury Veterans Administration Medical Center e diretor do Center for Research in Thrombolysis no Brigham and Women's Hospital. Dr. Loscalzo ingressou na Boston University em 1994, primeiramente como chefe da cardiologia e, em 1997, como Wade Professor e responsável médico, professor de bioquímica e diretor do Whitaker Cardiovascular Institute. Em 2005, retornou para Harvard e o Brigham and Women's Hospital. Em reconhecimento à sua relevante trajetória de cientista cardiovascular e médico, Dr. Loscalzo recebeu várias distinções, entre as quais o Clinician-Scientist Award, o Distinguished Scientist Award e o Research Achievement Award, pela American Heart Association, o Research Career Development Award, pelo National Institute of Health (NIH), o George W. Thorn Award for Excellence in Teaching, pelo Brigham and Women's Hospital, o Educator of the Year Award in Clinical Medicine, pela Universidade de Boston, o Glaxo Cardiovascular Research Award e o Outstanding Investigator Prize, pela International Society for Heart Research. Dr. Loscalzo é também membro eleito da American Society for Clinical Investigation, da Association of American Physicians, da American Association for the Advancement of Science, da American Academy of Arts and Sciences e do Institute of Medicine da National Academy of Sciences.
Dr. Loscalzo participou de diversos grupos de estudos do NIH e de conselhos editoriais, além de ter coordenado a Gordon Conference on Thrombolysis. Ele foi editor associado do New England Journal of Medicine por 9 anos, presidente do conselho cardiovascular do American Board of Internal Medicine, presidente do comitê de pesquisa da American Heart Association, presidente do conselho científico da Stanley J. Sarnoff Society of Fellows for Research in the Cardiovascular Sciences, presidente do conselho de consultores científicos do National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute do National Institutes of Health, e membro do conselho consultivo do National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute do National Institutes of Health. Atualmente, Dr. Loscalzo é editor-chefe do Circulation. São áreas de pesquisa do Dr. Loscalzo a biologia vascular das células endoteliais e plaquetas e o seu papel na aterosclerose e na trombose. As pesquisas no seu laboratório enfatizam a biologia e a biopatologia do óxido nítrico, espécies reativas de nitrogênio e espécies reativas de oxigênio na vascularização, empregando abordagens molecular, genética, bioquímica, celular e animal. Dr. Loscalzo desenvolveu um interesse crescente na aplicação da ciência de rede e da biologia de sistemas na biopatologia e doenças humanas. Dr. Loscalzo tem atuado como professor visitante em muitas instituições, é autor e coautor de mais de 700 publicações científicas, além de ser autor ou organizador de 39 livros. Ele foi contemplado com diversas subvenções de pesquisa do NIH e da indústria, por suas atividades nas áreas de biologia vascular, trombose e aterosclerose nos últimos 30 anos.
Autores
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Autores

A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P R S T U V W Y Z Todos

Zelig A. Tochner

MD. Professor Emeritus of Radiation Oncology, University of Pennsylvania School of Medicine, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania [C4]

Yves Jackson

MD, MPH, PhD. Senior Physician, Geneva University Hospital; Investigator, Institute of Global Health, University of Geneva, Switzerland [222]

Yusen E. Lin

PhD, MBA. Professor and Director, Center for Environmental Laboratory Services; National Kaohsiung Normal University, Kaohsiung, Taiwan [154]

Yuan-Tsong Chen

MD, PhD. Professor of Pediatrics, Duke University, Durham, North Carolina; Distinguished Research Fellow, Institute of Biomedical Sciences, Academia Sinica, Taipei, Taiwan [412]

Yonatan H. Grad

MD, PhD. Assistant Professor of Immunology and Infectious Diseases, Harvard T.H. Chan School of Public Health; Associate Physician, Division of Infectious Diseases, Brigham and Women’s Hospital, Harvard Medical School, Boston, Massachusetts [474]

William W. Seeley

MD. Professor of Neurology and Pathology, Memory and Aging Center, University of California, San Francisco, San Francisco, California [25, 423-426]

William R. Bishai

MD, PhD. Professor and Co-Director, Center for Tuberculosis Research, Department of Medicine, Division of Infectious Diseases, Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine, Baltimore, Maryland [145]

William P. Dillon

MD. Professor and Executive Vice-Chair, Department of Radiology and Biomedical Imaging, University of California, San Francisco, San Francisco, California [416, A16]

William M. Lee

MD. Professor of Internal Medicine; Meredith Mosle Chair in Liver Diseases, University of Texas Southwestern Medical Center at Dallas, Dallas, Texas [333]

William L. Hasler

MD. Professor, Division of Gastroenterology, University of Michigan Health System, Ann Arbor, Michigan [41, 314]

William J. Moss

MD, MPH. Professor, Departments of Epidemiology, International Health, and Molecular Microbiology and Immunology, Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health, Baltimore, Maryland [200]

William G. Stevenson

MD. Professor of Medicine, Vanderbilt University School of Medicine, Nashville, Tennessee [241-251, 299]

William Blum

MD. Director, Acute Leukemia Program; Professor, Department of Hematology and Oncology, Winship Cancer Institute and Emory University, Atlanta, Georgia [100]

Wiebke Arlt

MD, DSc, FRCP, FMedSci. William Withering Chair of Medicine, Institute of Metabolism and Systems Research, University of Birmingham; Consultant Endocrinologist, University Hospital Birmingham, Birmingham, United Kingdom [379]

Werner Zimmerli

MD. Professor of Medicine, Basel University; Interdisciplinary Unit of Orthopaedic Infection, Kantonspital Baselland, Liestal, Switzerland [126]

Walter J. Urba

MD, PhD. Physician Director of Research; Co-Director, Melanoma Program, Earle A. Chiles Research Institute, Providence Cancer Center, Portland, Oregon [72]

Walter J. Koroshetz

MD. National Institute of Neurological Disorders and Stroke, National Institutes of Health, Bethesda, Maryland [134]

Wade S. Smith

MD, PhD. Professor of Neurology, Daryl R. Gress Endowed Chair of Neurocritical Care and Stroke; Director, University of California, San Francisco Neurovascular Service, San Francisco, California [301, 302, 419-421]

Victor L. Yu

MD. Professor of Medicine, Department of Medicine, University of Pittsburgh Medical Center, Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania [154]

Victor I. Reus

MD. Distinguished Professor of Psychiatry, University of California, San Francisco School of Medicine; UCSF Weill Institute for Neurosciences, San Francisco, California [444]

Vanja C. Douglas

MD. Associate Professor of Clinical Neurology and Sara and Evan Williams Foundation Endowed Neurohospitalist Chair, University of California, San Francisco, San Francisco, California [20]

Valder R. Arruda

MD, PhD. Associate Professor, Division of Hematology, Department of Pediatrics, Perelman School of Medicine, University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania [112]

Vaishali Sanchorawala

MD. Professor of Medicine; Director, Autologous Stem Cell Transplant Program; Associate Director, Amyloidosis Center, Boston Medical Center and Boston University School of Medicine, Boston, Massachusetts [108]

Umesh D. Parashar

MBBS, MPH. Lead, Viral Gastroenteritis Epidemiology Team, Division of Viral Diseases, National Center for Immunization and Respiratory Diseases, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, Georgia [198]

Tuhina Neogi

MD, PhD. Professor of Medicine, Sections of Clinical Epidemiology and Rheumatology, Department of Medicine, Boston University School of Medicine; Professor of Epidemiology, Department of Epidemiology, Boston University School of Public Health, Boston, Massachusetts [364]

Timothy F. Murphy

MD. SUNY Distinguished Professor; Director, UB Clinical and Translational Research Center; Senior Associate Dean for Clinical and Translational Research; Jacobs School of Medicine and Biomedical Sciences; University at Buffalo, State University of New York, Buffalo, New York [152]

Tim Evans

DPhil, MD. Senior Director, Health, Nutrition and Population, The World Bank Group, Washington, DC [462]

Thomas R. Kosten

MD. J. H. Waggoner Professor of Psychiatry, Pharmacology, Immunology, Neuroscience, Baylor College of Medicine, Houston, Texas [446]

Thomas Marrie

MD. Dean Emeritus, Faculty of Medicine, Dalhousie University, Halifax, Nova Scotia, Canada [182]

Thomas J. Lawley

MD. William Patterson Timmie Professor of Dermatology, Former Dean, Emory University School of Medicine, Atlanta, Georgia [52, 53, 55, A4]

Thomas E. Scammell

MD. Professor, Harvard Medical School; Beth Israel Deaconess Medical Center; Boston Children’s Hospital, Boston, Massachusetts [27]

Thomas D. DuBose

Jr., MD, MACP. Professor Emeritus, Wake Forest University, Winston Salem, North Carolina [51, C1]

Thomas C. Quinn

MD. Professor of Medicine, Johns Hopkins University, Baltimore, Maryland; Senior Investigator, National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases, National Institutes of Health, Bethesda, Maryland [184]

Thomas B. Nutman

MD. Head, Helminth Immunology Section, Head, Clinical Parasitology Section, Laboratory of Parasitic Diseases, National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases, National Institutes of Health, Bethesda, Maryland [227, 228]

Thomas A. Russo

MD, CM. Staff Physician, Western New York VA Healthcare System; Professor of Medicine and Microbiology and Immunology; Vice Chair of Medicine; Head, Division of Infectious Disease, University at Buffalo, State University of New York, Buffalo, New York [156, 170, 171]

Thomas A. Moore

MD, FACP, FIDSA. Clinical Professor of Medicine, University of Kansas School of Medicine, Wichita, Kansas [217]

Thomas A. Gaziano

MD, MSc. Assistant Professor of Medicine, Harvard Medical School; Assistant Professor, Health Policy and Management, Center for Health Decision Sciences, Harvard School of Public Health; Director, Strategic Planning and Global Cardiovascular Health Policy and Prevention Unit, Cardiovascular Medicine, Department of Medicine, Brigham and Women’s Hospital, Boston, Massachusetts [233]

Theodore A. Kotchen

MD. Professor Emeritus and Associate Dean for Clinical Research, Department of Medicine, Medical College of Wisconsin, Milwaukee, Wisconsin [271]

Tamar F. Barlam

MD, MSc. Associate Professor of Medicine, Infectious Disease Section, Boston University School of Medicine, Boston, Massachusetts [117, 153]

Tamara J. Vokes

MD. Professor, Department of Medicine, Section of Endocrinology, University of Chicago, Chicago, Illinois [405]

Sushrut S. Waikar

MD. Associate Professor of Medicine, Harvard Medical School; Constantine L. Hampers, MD Distinguished Chair in Renal Medicine; Director of Translational Research and Ambulatory Services, Renal Division, Brigham and Women’s Hospital, Boston, Massachusetts [304]

Susan Redline

MD, MPH. Peter C. Farrell Professor of Sleep Medicine, Harvard Medical School; Brigham and Women’s Hospital; Beth Israel Deaconess Medical Center, Boston, Massachusetts [291]

Susan Miesfeldt

MD. Medical Oncology, Medical Director, Cancer Risk and Prevention Clinic, Maine Medical Center, Scarborough, Maine [457]

Susan Maslanka

PhD. Enteric Diseases Laboratory Branch, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, Georgia [148]

Susan M. Domchek

MD. Basser Professor of Oncology, Abramson Cancer Center, Perelman School of Medicine University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania [457]

Susan L. Gearhart

MD. Associate Professor, Surgery, Johns Hopkins Medical Institutions, Baltimore, Maryland [321]

Susan J. Mandel

MD, MPH. Professor of Medicine; Associate Chief, Division of Endocrinology, Diabetes and Metabolism, Perelman School of Medicine, University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania [375-378]

Susan E. Reef

MD. Team Leader, Rubella Team, Global Immunization Division, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, Georgia [201]

Sundeep Khosla

MD. Dr. Francis Chucker and Nathan Landow Research Professor; Mayo Foundation Distinguished Investigator; Director, Mayo Clinic Center for Clinical and Translational Science; Dean for Clinical and Translational Science, Mayo Clinic College of Medicine, Rochester, Minnesota [50]

Stuart Johnson

MD. Professor of Medicine, Loyola University Chicago Stritch School of Medicine; Staff Physician, Edward Hines Jr. VA Hospital, Hines, Illinois [129]

Steven M. Holland

MD. Director, Division of Intramural Research, National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases, National Institutes of Health; Chief, Immunopathogenesis Section, Laboratory of Clinical Infectious Diseases, National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases, National Institutes of Health, Bethesda, Maryland [60, 175]

Steven M. Bromley

MD. Director, South Jersey MS Center, Bromley Neurology PC, Audubon, New Jersey [29]

Steven A. Rubin

PhD. Chief, Laboratory of Method Development, Center for Biologics Evaluation and Research, Food and Drug Administration, Silver Spring, Maryland [202]

Steven A. Greenberg

MD. Professor of Neurology, Harvard Medical School; Associate Neurologist, Brigham and Women’s Hospital, Boston, Massachusetts [358]

Stephen N. Davis

MBBS, FRCP. Theodore E. Woodward Professor and Chairman of the Department of Medicine; Vice President of Clinical Translational Science, University of Maryland Baltimore; Physician-in-Chief, University of Maryland Medical Center, Baltimore, Maryland [399]

Stephen L. Hauser

MD. Robert A. Fishman Distinguished Professor, Department of Neurology; Director, UCSF Weill Institute for Neurosciences, University of California, San Francisco, San Francisco, California [1, 300, 415, 417, 433-437, 439, C9]

Stephen C. Textor

MD. Professor of Medicine, Division of Nephrology and Hypertension, Mayo Clinic School of Medicine, Rochester, Minnesota [272]

Stephen C. Hunt

MD, MPH. National Director, VA Post-Deployment Integrated Care Initiative; Clinical Associate Professor of Medicine, Department of Medicine, Division of General Internal Medicine, Occupational and Environmental Medicine Program, University of Washington, Seattle, Washington [C6]

Stephen B. Calderwood

MD. Morton N. Swartz, MD Academy Professor of Medicine (Microbiology and Immunobiology), Harvard Medical School; Chief, Division of Infectious Diseases, Massachusetts General Hospital, Boston, Massachusetts [128]

Stanley B. Prusiner

MD. Director, Institute for Neurodegenerative Diseases; Professor, Department of Neurology, UCSF Weill Institute for Neurosciences, University of California, San Francisco, San Francisco, California; Professor, Department of Biochemistry and Biophysics, University of California, San Francisco, California [417, 430]

Sonia Friedman

MD. Associate Professor of Medicine, Harvard Medical School; Associate Physician, Brigham and Women’s Hospital, Boston, Massachusetts [319]

Simon J. Mitchell

MB ChB, PhD, FUHM, FANZCA. Professor, Department of Anaesthesiology, University of Auckland and Auckland City Hospital, Auckland, New Zealand [C11]

Shyam Sundar

MD, FRCP, FNA. Professor of Medicine, Institute of Medical Sciences, Banaras Hindu University, Varanasi, India [221]

Shreyaskumar R. Patel

MD. Robert R. Herring Distinguished Professor of Medicine; Center Medical Director, Sarcoma Center, The University of Texas M.D. Anderson Cancer Center, Houston, Texas [87]

Shlomo Melmed

MB ChB, MACP, FRCP. Executive Vice President and Dean of the Medical Faculty; Professor of Medicine, Cedars-Sinai Medical Center, Los Angeles, California [371-373]

Shelley L. Berger

PhD. Daniel S. Och University Professor, Departments of Cell and Developmental Biology; Biology; Genetics; Director, Penn Epigenetics Institute, University of Pennsylvania Perelman School of Medicine, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania [471]

Sheila A. Lukehart

PhD. Professor, Departments of Medicine and Global Health, University of Washington, Seattle, Washington [177, 178]

Shehzad Basaria

MD. Associate Professor of Medicine, Harvard Medical School; Associate Director, Section on Men’s Health, Aging and Metabolism, Brigham and Women’s Hospital, Boston, Massachusetts [392]

Sharon L. Reed

MD, MSCTM, D(ABMM). Professor of Pathology and Medicine; Director, Microbiology Laboratory, University of California, San Diego School of Medicine, La Jolla, California [216, 218, C14]

Shari S. Bassuk

ScD. Epidemiologist, Division of Preventive Medicine, Brigham and Women’s Hospital, Boston, Massachusetts [388]

Shalender Bhasin

MB, BS. Professor of Medicine, Harvard Medical School; Director, Research Program in Men’s Health: Aging and Metabolism; Director, Boston Claude D. Pepper Older Americans Independence Center; Brigham and Women’s Hospital, Boston, Massachusetts [384, 392]

Sekar Kathiresan

MD. Associate Professor of Medicine, Harvard Medical School; Director, Center for Genomic Medicine, Massachusetts General Hospital; Director, Cardiovascular Disease Initiative, Broad Institute, Boston, Massachusetts [400]

Scott D. Solomon

MD. Professor, Harvard Medical School; Director, Noninvasive Cardiology, Brigham and Women’s Hospital, Boston, Massachusetts [236, A8]

Scott A. Norton

MD, MPH, MSc. Chief of Dermatology, Children’s National Health Systems, Washington, DC [452]

Scott A. Halperin

MD. Professor of Pediatrics and Microbiology and Immunology; Head, Pediatric Infectious Diseases; Director, Canadian Center for Vaccinology, Dalhousie University, Halifax, Nova Scotia, Canada [155]

Savio John

MD. Director of Hepatology, State University of New York Upstate Medical University, Syracuse, New York [45]

Satinderjit Locham

MD. Postdoctoral Research Fellow, Department of Surgery, Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine, Baltimore, Maryland [322]

Sanjay Ram

MBBS. Professor of Medicine, Division of Infectious Diseases and Immunology, University of Massachusetts Medical School, Worcester, Massachusetts [151]

Sandeep S. Jubbal

MD. Assistant Professor of Medicine, Department of Medicine, University of Massachusetts Medical School, Worcester, Massachusetts [136]

Sancy Leachman

MD, PhD. Professor and Chair, Department of Dermatology; Director, Melanoma Research Program, Knight Cancer Institute, Oregon Health & Science University, Portland, Oregon [72]

Samuel Z. Goldhaber

MD. Professor of Medicine, Harvard Medical School; Director, Thrombosis Research Group; Head, Vascular Medicine Section, Cardiovascular Division, Brigham and Women’s Hospital, Boston, Massachusetts [273]

Samuel I. Miller

MD. Professor, Departments of Microbiology, Medicine and Genome Sciences, University of Washington, Seattle, Washington [160]

Samuel C. Durso

MD, MBA. Mason F. Lord Professor of Medicine; Director, Division of Geriatric Medicine and Gerontology, Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine; Executive Vice Chair, Department of Medicine, Johns Hopkins Bayview Medical Center; Baltimore, Maryland [32, A2]

S. Travis King

PharmD, BCPS (AQ ID). Clinical Pharmacy Specialist—Infectious Diseases, Ochsner Medical Center, New Orleans, Louisiana [209]

S. Claiborne Johnston

MD, PhD. Dean, Dell Medical School; Frank Denius Distinguished Dean’s Chair in Medical Leadership; Vice President for Medical Affairs, University of Texas, Austin, Austin, Texas [419-421]

S. Andrew Josephson

MD. Professor and Chairman, Department of Neurology, University of California, San Francisco, San Francisco, California [24, 300, 301, Vídeo 300-1]

Rémi N. Charrel

MD, PhD. Professor of Medicine, Department of Virology; Deputy Director, Research Department, Unité des Virus Emergents, Aix-Marseille University, Marseille, France [204]

Roy M. John

MBBS, PhD, FRCP. Associate Professor of Medicine; Director, Center for Advanced Management of Ventricular Arrhythmias, Vanderbilt Heart and Vascular Institute, Nashville, Tennessee [247-251]

Roy Freeman

MD. Professor of Neurology, Harvard Medical School; Director, Center for Autonomic and Peripheral Nerve Disorders, Beth Israel Deaconess Medical Center, Boston, Massachusetts [18]

Rossana Rosa

MD. Adjunct Clinical Assistant Professor in MeDicine, University of Iowa Carver College of Medicine; Infectious Diseases Physician, UnityPoint Health, Des Moines, Iowa [157]

Rosa M. Andrade

MD. Assistant Professor of Medicine, Department of Medicine, Division of Infectious Diseases, Microbiology and Molecular Genetics, PRIME-LC, University of California, Irvine; Irvine, California [218]

Ronald S. Go

MD. Chair, Core/Consultative Hematology, Division of Hematology, Mayo Clinic Rochester, Rochester, Minnesota [311]

Roger N. Rosenberg

MD. Zale Distinguished Chair and Professor of Neurology, Department of Neurology, University of Texas Southwestern Medical Center, Dallas, Texas [431, C10]

Roger I. Glass

MD, PhD. Director, Fogarty International Center, Bethesda, Maryland [198]

Rodrigo T. Calado

MD, PhD. Associate Professor of Medicine, Ribeirão Preto Medical School, University of São Paulo, Ribeirão Preto, Brazil [470]

Roby P. Bhattacharyya

MD, PhD. Instructor in Medicine, Harvard Medical School; Assistant in Medicine, Division of Infectious Disease, Massachusetts General Hospital, Boston, Massachusetts [474]

Robert W. Finberg

MD. Chair, Department of Medicine, University of Massachusetts Medical School, Worcester, Massachusetts [70, 138]

Robert T. Jensen

MD. Chief, Cell Biology Section, National Institutes of Diabetes, Digestive and Kidney Diseases, National Institutes of Health, Bethesda, Maryland [80]

Robert P. Giugliano

MD, SM. Associate Professor of Medicine, Harvard Medical School; Cardiovascular Medicine, TIMI Study Office, Brigham and Women’s Hospital, Boston, Massachusetts [268]

Robert P. Baughman

MD. Department of Internal Medicine, University of Cincinnati Medical Center, Cincinnati, Ohio [360]

Robert O. Messing

MD. Professor of Neurology and Neuroscience; Director, Waggoner Center for Alcohol and Addiction Research, University of Texas at Austin, Austin, Texas [443]

Robert M. Russell

MD. Professor Emeritus of Medicine and Nutrition, Tufts University Friedman School of Nutrition Science and Policy; Jaharis Family Center for Biomedical and Nutrition Sciences, Boston, Massachusetts [326]

Robert Lindsay

MD, PhD. Professor of Medicine, College of Physicians and Surgeons, Columbia University, New York, New York; Chief, Internal Medicine; Helen Hayes Hospital, West Haverstraw, New York [404]

Robert L. Norris

MD. Professor Emeritus, Department of Emergency Medicine; Stanford University School of Medicine, Stanford, California [451]

Robert L. Barbieri

MD. Kate Macy Ladd Professor of Obstetrics, Gynecology and Reproductive Biology, Harvard Medical School; Chair, Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Brigham and Women’s Hospital, Boston, Massachusetts [466]

Robert J. Motzer

MD. Attending Physician, Genitourinary Oncology Service, Department of Medicine, Memorial Sloan Kettering Cancer Center, New York, New York [81]

Robert J. Mayer

MD. Faculty Vice President for Academic Affairs, Dana-Farber Cancer Institute; Stephen B. Kay Family Professor of Medicine, Harvard Medical School, Boston, Massachusetts [76, 77]

Robert J. Hopkin

MD. Associate Professor, Department of Pediatrics, University of Cincinnati College of Medicine; Division of Human Genetics, Cincinnati Children’s Hospital Medical Center, Cincinnati, Ohio [411]

Robert J. Desnick

MD, PhD. Dean for Genetic and Genomic Medicine; Professor and Chair Emeritus, Department of Genetics and Genomic Sciences, Mount Sinai School of Medicine, New York, New York [409]

Robert H. Gelber

MD. Clinical Professor of Medicine and Dermatology, University of California, San Francisco, San Francisco, California [174]

Robert H. Eckel

MD. Professor of Medicine; Professor of Physiology and Biophysics, University of Colorado School of Medicine, Aurora, Colorado [401]

Robert H. Brown

Jr., MD, PhD. Chairman, Department of Neurology, University of Massachusetts Medical School, Worchester, Massachusetts [429, 441]

Robert G. Micheletti

MD. Assistant Professor of Dermatology and Medicine, Perelman School of Medicine at the University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania [56]

Robert F. Kushner

MD. Professor of Medicine, Feinberg School of Medicine, Northwestern University, Chicago, Illinois [395]

Robert B. Daroff

MD. Professor and Chair Emeritus, Department of Neurology, Case Western Reserve University School of Medicine; University Hospitals–Cleveland Medical Center, Cleveland, Ohio [19]

Robert A. Weinstein

MD. The C. Anderson Hedberg, MD Professor of Internal Medicine, Rush Medical College; Chief Academic Officer, Cook County Health and Hospitals System, Chicago, Illinois [137]

Rizwan Ahmed

MD. Resident in Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery, Department of Surgery, Duke University, Durham, North Carolina [321]

Richelle C. Charles

MD. Assistant Professor of Medicine, Harvard Medical School; Assistant Physician, Division of Infectious Diseases, Massachusetts General Hospital, Boston, Massachusetts [128]

Richard Wunderink

MD. Professor, Pulmonary and Critical Care, Northwestern University Feinberg School of Medicine, Chicago, Illinois [121]

Ralph Gonzales

MD, MSPH. Professor of Medicine; Associate Dean, Clinical Innovation, University of California, San Francisco, San Francisco, California [31]

Rafael de Cabo

PhD. Chief, Translational Gerontology Branch, National Institute on Aging, National Institutes of Health, Baltimore, Maryland [463]

R. V. Thakker

FRS, FMedSci. May Professor of Medicine, Academic Endocrine Unit, University of Oxford; O.C.D.E.M., Churchill Hospital, Headington, Oxford, United Kingdom [381]

R. Doug Hardy

MD. Infectious Diseases Specialists, PA; Medical City Dallas Hospital and Medical City Children’s Hospital, Dallas; Baylor Regional Medical Center, Plano, Texas [183]

Priya S. Kishnani

MD. C. L. and Su Chen Professor of Pediatrics; Medical Director, YT and Alice Chen Pediatrics Genetics and Genomics Center; Division Chief, Medical Genetics, Duke University Medical Center, Durham, North Carolina [412]

Praveen Akuthota

MD. Associate Clinical Professor, Division of Pulmonary, Critical Care & Sleep Medicine, University of California, San Diego, San Diego, California [282]

Prashant Vaishnava

MD. Assistant Professor of Medicine, Icahn School of Medicine at Mount Sinai Director of Quality, Mount Sinai Heart, Mount Sinai Hospital New York, New York [467]

Pierre Tiberghien

MD, PhD. Professor of Medicine, Bourgogne Franche-Comté University; Director, Medicine and Research, Etablissement Français du Sang, Paris, France [109]

Phyllis E. Kozarsky

MD. Professor of Medicine and Infectious Diseases, Emory University School of Medicine, Atlanta, Georgia [119]

Philippe J. Sansonetti

MD. Professor, Collège de France; Institut Pasteur, Paris, France [161]

Philip E. Cryer

MD. Professor of Medicine Emeritus, Washington University in St. Louis; Physician, Barnes-Jewish Hospital, St. Louis, Missouri [399]

Peter Libby

MD. Mallinckrodt Professor of Medicine, Harvard Medical School; Cardiovascular Specialist, Brigham and Women’s Hospital, Boston, Massachusetts [232, A10]

Peter Kopp

MD. Professor of Medicine, Division of Endocrinology, Metabolism and Molecular Science and Center for Genetic Medicine, Northwestern University Feinberg School of Medicine, Chicago, Illinois [456]

Peter J. Krause

MD. Senior Research Scientist, Yale School of Public Health; Yale School of Medicine, New Haven, Connecticut [220]

Peter J. Kahrilas

MD. Gilbert H. Marquardt Professor of Medicine, Feinberg School of Medicine, Northwestern University, Chicago, Illinois [40, 316]

Peter J. Goadsby

MD, PhD, DSc, FRACP, FRCP, FMedSci. Professor, NIHR-Wellcome Trust King’s Clinical Research Facility, King’s College London, United Kingdom; Professor, Department of Neurology, University of California, San Francisco, San Francisco, California [13, 422]

Peter J. Barnes

Professor and Head of Respiratory Medicine
National Heart & Lung Institute
Imperial College, London

Peter F. Wright

MD. Professor of Pediatrics, Geisel School of Medicine, Dartmouth College, Hanover, New Hampshire [195]

Peter F. Weller

MD. William B. Castle Professor of Medicine, Harvard Medical School; Chief, Infectious Disease Division; Chief, Allergy and Inflammation Division; Beth Israel Deaconess Medical Center, Boston, Massachusetts [224-228, 230]

Peter E. Lipsky

MD. Charlottesville, Virginia [348]

Peter A. Rice

MD. Professor of Medicine, Division of Infectious Diseases and Immunology, University of Massachusetts Medical School, Worcester, Massachusetts [151]

Peter A. Gottlieb

MD. Professor of Pediatrics and Medicine, Barbara Davis Center for Childhood Diabetes, University of Colorado School of Medicine, Aurora, Colorado [382]

Peter A. Banks

MD. Professor of Medicine, Harvard Medical School; Senior Physician, Division of Gastroenterology, Brigham and Women’s Hospital, Boston, Massachusetts [340, 341]

Paul S. Mead

MD, MPH. Chief, Bacterial Diseases Branch, Division of Vector-Borne Diseases, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Fort Collins, Colorado [165]

Paul S. Auerbach

MD, MS, FACEP, MFAWM, FAAEM. Redich Family Professor, Department of Emergency Medicine, Stanford University School of Medicine, Stanford, California [451]

Paul Farmer

MD, PhD. Kolokotrones University Professor, Harvard University; Chair, Department of Global Health and Social Medicine, Harvard Medical School; Chief, Division of Global Health Equity, Brigham and Women’s Hospital; Co- Founder, Partners In Health, Boston, Massachusetts [460]

Patrick Y. Wen

MD. Professor of Neurology, Harvard Medical School; Director, Center for Neuro-Oncology, Dana-Farber Cancer Institute; Director, Division of Neuro-Oncology, Department of Neurology, Brigham and Women’s Hospital, Boston, Massachusetts [86]

Patrick T. O’Gara

MD. Professor of Medicine, Harvard Medical School; Watkins Family Distinguished Chair in Cardiology, Brigham and Women’s Hospital, Boston, Massachusetts [38, 234, 256-263

Patricia A. Kritek

MD, EdM. Associate Professor, Division of Pulmonary and Critical Care Medicine, University of Washington, Seattle, Washington [35, 278, A12]

Paolo M. Suter

MD, MS. Professor of Medicine, Clinic and Policlinic of Internal Medicine, University Hospital, Zurich, Switzerland [326]

Otis W. Brawley

MD, MACP. Professor of Hematology, Medical Oncology, Medicine and Epidemiology, Emory University; Chief Medical and Scientific Officer, American Cancer Society, Atlanta, Georgia [66]

Norton J. Greenberger

MD. Clinical Professor of Medicine, Harvard Medical School; Senior Physician, Division of Gastroenterology, Brigham and Women’s Hospital, Boston, Massachusetts [339-341]

Noah M. Hahn

MD. Associate Professor of Oncology and Urology, Sidney Kimmel Comprehensive Cancer Center, Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine, Baltimore, Maryland [82]

Nikhil C. Munshi

MD. Professor of Medicine, Harvard Medical School; Boston VA Healthcare System; Director of Basic and Correlative Sciences; Associate Director, Jerome Lipper Myeloma Center, Dana-Farber Cancer Institute, Boston, Massachusetts [107]

Nigel O’Farrell

MD, FRCP. Consultant Physician, London North West Healthcare NHS Trust, London, United Kingdom [168]

Nicola Longo

MD, PhD. Professor and Chief, Division of Medical Genetics, Departments of Pediatrics and Pathology; Medical Co-Director, Biochemical Genetics Laboratory, ARUP Laboratories, University of Utah, Salt Lake City, Utah [413, 414]

Nicholas J. White

DSc, MD, FRCP, F Med Sci, FRS. Professor of Tropical Medicine, Faculty of Tropical Medicine, Mahidol University, Mahidol-Oxford Research Unit, Bangkok, Thailand [219, A6]

Nicholas J. Beeching

MA, BM BCh, FRCP, FRACP, FFTM RCPS(Glasg), FCCP (Hon), FESCMID, DCH, DTM&H Senior Lecturer (Clinical) in Infectious Diseases, Liverpool School of Tropical Medicine; National Institute for Health Research Health Protection Research Unit in Emerging and Zoonotic Infections, Liverpool; Honorary Consultant in Infectious Diseases, Tropical and Infectious Disease Unit, Royal Liverpool University Hospital; Honorary Consultant, Public Health England and Honorary Civilian Consultant in Infectious Diseases, Army Medical Directorate, United Kingdom [164]

Nicholas B. Galifianakis

MD, MPH. Associate Professor of Neurology, Movement Disorders and Neuromodulation Center, Department of Neurology, University of California, San Francisco, San Francisco, California [Vídeo 23-1]

Nelson Leung

MD. Professor of Medicine, Division of Nephrology and Hypertension, Division of Hematology, Mayo Clinic Rochester, Rochester, Minnesota [311]

Neil M. Ampel

MD. Professor of Medicine, University of Arizona; Staff Physician, Southern Arizona Veterans Affairs Health Care System, Tucson, Arizona [208]

Neeraj K. Surana

MD, PhD. Instructor in Pediatrics, Harvard Medical School; Assistant in Medicine, Boston Children’s Hospital, Boston, Massachusetts [115, 172, 459]

Neal S. Young

MD. Chief, Hematology Branch, National Heart, Lung and Blood Institute; Director, NIH Center for Human Immunology, Autoimmunity and Inflammation, National Institutes of Health, Bethesda, Maryland [98, 470]

Neal K. Lakdawala

MD. Instructor in Medicine, Harvard Medical School; Associate Physician, Cardiovascular Medicine, Brigham and Women’s Hospital; Boston VA Healthcare; Boston, Massachusetts [254]

Nancy Messonnier

MD (CAPT, USPHS). Director, National Center for Immunization and Respiratory Diseases, Office of Infectious Diseases, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, Georgia [118]

Myrna R. Rosenfeld

MD, PhD. Institut d’Investigacions Biomèdiques August Pi i Sunyer, University of Barcelona, Barcelona, Spain; Adjunct Professor, University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania [90]

Murray J. Favus

MD. Professor of Medicine, Department of Medicine, Section of Endocrinology, Diabetes and Metabolism, Director Bone Program, University of Chicago Medicine, Chicago, Illinois [405]

Murali Chakinala

MD. Associate Professor of Medicine, Division of Pulmonary and Critical Care Medicine, Washington University School of Medicine, St. Louis, Missouri [252]

Moshe Ephros

MD. Clinical Associate Professor, Faculty of Medicine, Technion-Israel Institute of Technology; Pediatric Infectious Disease Unit, Carmel Medical Center; Haifa, Israel [167]

Mohamed H. Sayegh

MD, FAHA, FASN, ASCI, AAP, FRCP. Raja N. Khuri Dean, Faculty of Medicine; Vice President of Medical Affairs; Professor of Medicine and Immunology, American University of Beirut; Lecturer in Medicine, Schuster Family Transplantation Research Center, Brigham and Women’s Hospital, Boston, Massachusetts [307]

Misha Rosenbach

MD. Assistant Professor, Perelman School of Medicine at the University of Pennsylvania, Departments of Dermatology and Internal Medicine, Hospital of the University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania [56]

Miriam Baron Barshak

MD. Assistant Professor, Harvard Medical School; Physician, Massachusetts General Hospital, Boston, Massachusetts [122, 127, 284]

Michael R. Wilson

MD, MAS. Assistant Professor in Neurology, University of California San Francisco; Staff Physician, University of California San Francisco Medical Center and Zuckerberg San Francisco General Hospital, San Francisco, California [134]

Michael R. Wessels

MD. John F. Enders Professor of Pediatrics; Professor of Medicine, Harvard Medical School; Chief, Division of Infectious Diseases, Boston Children’s Hospital, Boston, Massachusetts [143]

Michael R. Rickels

MD, MS. Associate Professor of Medicine, Division of Endocrinology, Diabetes and Metabolism, University of Pennsylvania Perelman School of Medicine, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania [397, 398]

Michael McCrea

PhD, ABPP. Professor and Eminent Scholar; Vice Chair of Research; Director of Brain Injury Research, Department of Neurosurgery, Medical College of Wisconsin, Milwaukee, Wisconsin [435]

Michael J. Landzberg

MD. Associate Professor of Medicine, Harvard Medical School; Director, Boston Adult Congenital Heart Disease and Pulmonary Hypertension Program, Boston Children’s Hospital, Brigham and Women’s Hospital, Boston, Massachusetts [264]

Michael J. Aminoff

MD, DSc, FRCP. Professor of Neurology, School of Medicine, University of California, San Francisco, San Francisco, California [21, 22]

Michael H. Bennett

MD, MBBS, MM (Clin Epi). Conjoint Professor in Anesthesia and Hyperbaric Medicine; Faculty of Medicine, University of New South Wales; Academic Head of Department, Wales Anaesthesia, Prince of Wales Hospital, Sydney, Australia [C11]

Michael Giladi

MD, MSc. Associate Professor of Medicine, Sackler Faculty of Medicine, Tel Aviv University; The Infectious Disease Unit and the Bernard Pridan Laboratory for Molecular Biology of Infectious Diseases, Tel Aviv Sourasky Medical Center, Tel Aviv, Israel [167]

Michael F. Sorrell

MD. UNMC Distinguished Chair in Internal Medicine, University of Nebraska Medical Center, Omaha, Nebraska [335]

Michael E. Wechsler

MD, MMSc. Professor of Medicine, Division of Pulmonary, Critical Care and Sleep Medicine, National Jewish Health, Denver, Colorado [282]

Michael D. Geschwind

MD, PhD. Professor of Neurology; Michael J. Homer Chair in Neurology, Memory and Aging Center, University of California, San Francisco, San Francisco, California [Vídeo 23-1]

Michael Camilleri

MD. Atherton and Winifred W. Bean Professor; Professor of Medicine, Pharmacology, and Physiology, Mayo Clinic School of Medicine, Rochester, Minnesota [42]

Michael B. Prentice

MB ChB, PhD, MRCP(UK), FRCPath, FFPRCPI. Professor of Medical Microbiology, Departments of Microbiology and Pathology, University College Cork, Cork, Ireland [166]

Michael A. Rubin

MD, PhD. Professor of Medicine, University of Utah School of Medicine, Salt Lake City, Utah [31]

Max R. O’Donnell

MD, MPH. Assistant Professor of Medicine and Epidemiology, Division of Pulmonary, Allergy, and Critical Care Medicine, Columbia University Medical Center, New York, New York [176]

Matthew W. State

MD, PhD. Oberndorf Family Distinguished Professor in Psychiatry; Chair, Department of Psychiatry; Director, Langley Porter Psychiatric Institute and Hospital, Weill Institute for Neurosciences, University of California, San Francisco, San Francisco, California [443]

Matthew K. Waldor

MD, PhD. Edward H. Kass Professor of Medicine, Division of Infectious Diseases, Brigham and Women’s Hospital; Harvard Medical School and Howard Hughes Medical Institute, Boston, Massachusetts [163]

Martin S. Hirsch

MD. Professor of Medicine, Harvard Medical School; Professor of Immunology and Infectious Diseases, Harvard School of Public Health; Physician, Massachusetts General Hospital, Boston, Massachusetts [190]

Martin R. Pollak

MD. Professor of Medicine, Harvard Medical School; Beth Israel Deaconess Medical Center, Boston, Massachusetts [309]

Martin J. Blaser

MD. Muriel and George Singer Professor of Medicine; Professor of Microbiology; Director, Human Microbiome Program, New York University Langone Medical Center, New York, New York [158, 162]

Martin A. Samuels

MD, DSc(hon), FAAN, MACP, FRCP, FANA. Miriam Sydney Joseph Professor of Neurology, Harvard Medical School; Chair, Department of Neurology, Brigham and Women’s Hospital; Director, Brigham and Women’s Institute for the Neurosciences, Boston, Massachusetts [Vídeos 415-2 a 415-8]

Mark Topazian

MD. Professor of Medicine, Mayo Clinic, Rochester, Minnesota [315, Vídeos 315-1 a 315-24]

Mark F. Walker

MD. Associate Professor, Neurology, Case Western Reserve University; Cleveland VA Medical Center, Cleveland, Ohio [19]

Mark E. Mailliard

MD. Frederick F. Paustian Professor; Chief, Division of Gastroenterology and Hepatology, Department of Internal Medicine, University of Nebraska College of Medicine, Omaha, Nebraska [335]

Mark B. Mycyk

MD. Associate Professor, Department of Emergency Medicine, Northwestern University Feinberg School of Medicine; Research Director, Toxikon Consortium, Cook County Health and Hospitals System, Chicago, Illinois [450]

Mark A. Creager

MD. Professor of Medicine, Geisel School of Medicine at Dartmouth; Director, Heart and Vascular Center, Dartmouth-Hitchcock Medical Center, Lebanon, New Hampshire [274-276]

Mario C. Raviglione

FRCP (UK), FERS, Hon RSP (RF). Director, Global Health Centre, Milan Institute for Innovative Health Research—MIC, University of Milan, Milan, Italy [173]

Marie B. Demay

MD. Professor of Medicine, Harvard Medical School; Physician, Massachusetts General Hospital, Boston, Massachusetts [402]

Maria Luisa Gorno-Tempini

MD, PhD. Professor, Department of Neurology; Language Neurobiology Lab, Memory and Aging Center; Dyslexia Center, University of California, San Francisco, San Francisco, California [Vídeo 26-1]

Maria Carmela Tartaglia

MD. Associate Professor, Tanz Centre for Research in Neurodegenerative Diseases, University of Toronto, Toronto, Ontario, Canada [Vídeo 26-1]

Marga G. A. Goris

PhD. Head OIE and National Leptospirosis Reference Centre, Department of Medical Microbiology, AMC (Academic Medical Centre), Amsterdam, The Netherlands [179]

Marc G. Ghany

MD, MHSc. Investigator, Liver Diseases Branch, National Institute of Diabetes and Digestive and Kidney Diseases, National Institutes of Health, Bethesda, Maryland [329]

Marcelo F. Di Carli

MD. Professor, Department of Radiology and Medicine, Harvard Medical School; Chief, Division of Nuclear Medicine and Molecular Imaging; Executive Director, Noninvasive Cardiovascular Imaging Program, Brigham and Women’s Hospital, Boston, Massachusetts [236, A8]

Marc E. Lippman

MD, MACP, FRCP. Leonard M. Miller Professor of Internal Medicine, Psychiatry and Behavioral Sciences; Deputy Director, Sylvester Comprehensive Cancer Center, University of Miami Miller School of Medicine, Miami, Florida [75]

Marc A. Schuckit

MD. Distinguished Professor of Psychiatry, School of Medicine, University of California, San Diego, La Jolla, California [445]

Manisha Balwani

MD, MS. Associate Professor, Department of Genetics and Genomic Sciences and Medicine, Icahn School of Medicine at Mount Sinai, New York, New York [409]

Mandeep R. Mehra

MD, FACC, FESC, FHFSA, FRCP. Professor of Medicine, Harvard Medical School; Medical Director, Brigham and Women’s Hospital Heart and Vascular Center; Executive Director, Center for Advanced Heart Disease, Brigham and Women’s Hospital; Editor-in-Chief, The Journal of Heart and Lung Transplantation, Boston, Massachusetts [253, 255]

Manal F. Abdelmalek

MD, MPH. Associate Professor of Medicine, Division of Gastroenterology and Hepatology, Duke University, Durham, North Carolina [336]

Malcolm K. Brenner

MB, PhD. Center for Cell and Gene Therapy, Baylor College of Medicine, Houston, Texas [458]

Mahmoud Malas

MD, MHS, FACS. Associate Professor of Surgery and Epidemiology, Johns Hopkins University; Director of Endovascular Surgery; Director of The Vascular and Endovascular Clinical Research Center, Johns Hopkins Bayview Medical Center, Director of the Center of Research Excellence and Surgical Trial, Johns Hopkins Hospital, Baltimore, Maryland [322]

M. Luisa Pedro-Botet

MD, PhD. Professor of Medicine, Autonomous University of Barcelona; Head of the Infectious Diseases Unit; Investigator of CIBEres, Instituto de Investigación Carlos III; Germans Trias i Pujol University Hospital, Badalona, Barcelona, Spain [154]

M. Flint Beal

MD. University Professor of Neurology and Neuroscience; Chairman Emeritus; Neurologist, New York Presbyterian Hospital; Weill Cornell Medical College, New York, New York [433]

M.-Marsel Mesulam

MD. Professor of Neuroscience and Neurology, Cognitive Neurology and Alzheimer’s Disease Center, Northwestern University Feinberg School of Medicine, Chicago, Illinois [26]

Lynne Warner Stevenson

MD. Lisa M. Jacobson Professor of Medicine; Director of Cardiomyopathy, Vanderbilt University Medical Center, Nashville, Tennessee [254]

Lucio Luzzatto

MD, FRCP, FRCPath. Professor of Haematology, Muhimbili University of Health and Allied Sciences, Dar-es-Salaam, Tanzania; Honorary Professor of Hematology, University of Florence, Firenze, Italy [96]

Luciano Villarinho

MD. Chief of Radiology, Department of Tacchini Hospital—Bento Goncalves, Rio Grande do Sul, Brazil [A16]

Lucas S. Blanton

MD. Assistant Professor, Division of Infectious Diseases, University of Texas Medical Branch, Galveston, Texas [182]

Louis Michel Wong Kee Song

MD. Professor of Medicine, Division of Gastroenterology and Hepatology, Mayo Clinic College of Medicine, Rochester, Minnesota [315, Vídeos 315-1 a 315-24]

Loren Laine

MD. Professor of Medicine, Yale School of Medicine, New Haven, Connecticut; VA Connecticut Healthcare System, West Haven, Connecticut [44]

Lisa M. DeAngelis

MD. Chair, Department of Neurology, Memorial Sloan Kettering Cancer Center; Professor of Neurology, Weill Cornell Medical College, New York, New York [86]

Lisa A. Jackson

MD, MPH. Kaiser Permanente Washington Health Research Institute, Seattle, Washington [118]

Lionel A. Mandell

MD, FRCPC. Professor Emeritus of Medicine, McMaster University, Hamilton, Ontario, Canada [121]

Lindsey R. Baden

MD. Associate Professor of Medicine, Harvard Medical School; Dana-Farber Cancer Institute, Brigham and Women’s Hospital, Boston, Massachusetts [186]

Lewis R. Sudarsky

MD. Associate Professor of Neurology, Harvard Medical School; Director, Division of Movement Disorders, Brigham and Women’s Hospital, Boston, Massachusetts [23]

Leslie P. Lawley

MD. Assistant Professor, Department of Dermatology, School of Medicine, Emory University, Atlanta, Georgia [53]

Leslie J. Crofford

MD. Professor, Departments of Medicine and Pathology, Microbiology and Immunology, Vanderbilt University; Chief, Division of Rheumatology and Immunology, Vanderbilt University Medical Center, Nashville, Tennessee [366]

Leora Horn

MD, MSc. Associate Professor, Division of Hematology and Medical Oncology, Vanderbilt University School of Medicine, Nashville, Tennessee [74]

Lawrie W. Powell

AC, MD, PhD. Professor Emeritus, The University of Queensland and the Royal Brisbane and Women’s Hospital Queensland, Australia [407]

Lawrence S. Friedman

MD. Professor of Medicine, Harvard Medical School; Professor of Medicine, Tufts University School of Medicine; Assistant Chief of Medicine, Massachusetts General Hospital, Boston, Massachusetts; Anton R. Fried, MD Chair, Department of Medicine, Newton-Wellesley Hospital, Newton, Massachusetts [46]

Lawrence Corey

MD. Past President and Director, Fred Hutchinson Cancer Research Center; Member, Vaccine and Infectious Disease Division, Clinical Research Division, and Public Health Sciences Division, Fred Hutchinson Cancer Research Center; Professor, Departments of Medicine and Laboratory Medicine, University of Washington, Seattle, Washington [187]

Lawrence C. Madoff

MD. Professor of Medicine, University of Massachusetts Medical School, Worcester, Massachusetts; Director, Division of Epidemiology and Immunization, Massachusetts Department of Public Health, Jamaica Plain, Massachusetts [125, 136]

Laurence H. Beck

Jr., MD, PhD. Associate Professor of Medicine, Boston University School of Medicine, Boston, Massachusetts [310]

Laura A. Zimmerman

MPH. Epidemiologist, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, Georgia [201]

Larry C. Ford

MD. Clinical Infectious Diseases, Intermountain Healthcare, Provo, Utah [31]

Lan X. Chen

MD, PhD. Penn Presbyterian Medical Center, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania [365]

Lam Minh Yen

MD. Director, Tetanus Intensive Care Unit, Hospital for Tropical Diseases, Ho Chi Minh City, Vietnam [147]

L. Silvia Munoz-Price

MD, PhD. Professor of Medicine, Department of Medicine, Division of Infectious Diseases, Enterprise Epidemiologist, Froedtert & Medical College of Wisconsin, Milwaukee, Wisconsin [157]

L. Joseph Wheat

MD. President and Medical Director, MiraVista Diagnostics, LLC, Indianapolis, Indiana [207]

L. John Hoffer

MD, PhD. Professor, Faculty of Medicine, McGill University; Senior Physician, Divisions of Internal Medicine and Endocrinology, Lady Davis Institute for Medical Research, Jewish General Hospital, Montreal, Quebec, Canada [328]

Kumanan Rasanathan

MBChB, MPH, FAFPHM. Coordinator, Health Systems (HSD), World Health Organization, Phnom Penh, Cambodia [462]

Kirsten B. Hornbeak

MD. Resident, Department of Emergency Medicine, Stanford Kaiser Emergency Medicine Residency, Stanford, California [451]

King K. Holmes

MD, PhD. Director of Research and Faculty Development, Department of Global Health; Professor of Medicine and Global Health; Adjunct Professor of Microbiology and Epidemiology; Director, UW Center for AIDS and STD; Co-Director, UW/Fred Hutch Center for AIDS Research (CFAR); Co-PI, UW/UCSF International Training and Education Center for Health (I-TECH); University of Washington, Seattle, Washington [131]

Kim B. Yancey

MD. Professor and Chair, Department of Dermatology, University of Texas Southwestern Medical Center in Dallas, Dallas, Texas [52, 55]

Kim A. Eagle

MD. Albion Walter Hewlett Professor of Internal Medicine; Director, Frankel Cardiovascular Center, University of Michigan Health System, Ann Arbor, Michigan [467]

Kevin T. McVary

MD, FACS. Professor and Chairman, Division of Urology, Southern Illinois University School of Medicine, Springfield, Illinois [390]

Kevin G. Volpp

MD, PhD. Director of the Center for Health Incentives and Behavioral Economics; Vice Chairman for Health Policy in Medical Ethics and Health Policy; Physician, Cresencz Philadelphia VA Medical Center; Professor of Medicine and Health Care Management, Perelman School of Medicine and Wharton School, University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania [468]

Kevin E. Brown

MD, MRCP, FRCPath. Virus Reference Department, National Infection Service, Public Health England, London, United Kingdom [192]

Kevin D. Niswender

MD, PhD. Associate Professor of Medicine, Vanderbilt University Medical Center, Nashville, Tennessee [396, 397]

Kenneth M. Kaye

MD. Associate Professor of Medicine, Harvard Medical School; Division of Infectious Diseases, Brigham and Women’s Hospital, Boston, Massachusetts [16, A1]

Kenneth L. Tyler

MD. Reuler-Lewin Family Professor and Chair of Neurology; Professor of Medicine, Immunology, and Microbiology, University of Colorado School of Medicine, Aurora, Colorado; Neurologist, Denver Veterans Affairs Medical Center, Denver, Colorado [132, 133, 135]

Kenneth C. Anderson

MD. Kraft Family Professor of Medicine, Harvard Medical School; Chief, Jerome Lipper Multiple Myeloma Center, Dana-Farber Cancer Institute, Boston, Massachusetts [107, 109]

Kelly A. Soderberg

PhD, MPH. Associate Director, Duke Center for HIV/AIDS Vaccine Immunology-Immunogen Discovery, Duke Human Vaccine Institute, Duke University, Durham, North Carolina [342]

Katrina A. Armstrong

MD. Physician-in-Chief, Department of Medicine, Massachusetts General Hospital, Charlestown HealthCare Center, Charlestown, Massachusetts

Kathryn Moynihan Ramsey

PhD. Research Assistant Professor, Division of Endocrinology, Metabolism and Molecular Medicine, Department of Medicine, Feinberg School of Medicine, Northwestern University, Chicago, Illinois [475]

Kathleen M. McKibbin

MD. Staff Physician, Northwestern University Health Services, Evanston, Illinois [2]

Kathleen E. Corey

MD, MPH. Assistant Professor of Medicine, Harvard Medical School; Director of the MGH Fatty Liver Clinic, Gastrointestinal Unit, Massachusetts General Hospital, Boston, Massachusetts [46]

Kathleen D. Liu

MD, PhD, MAS. Professor, Division of Nephrology, Department of Medicine, Division of Critical Care Medicine, Department of Anesthesiology, University of California, San Francisco, San Francisco, California [306]

Katherine N. Cahill

MD. Assistant Professor of Medicine, Harvard Medical School; Division of Rheumatology, Immunology, and Allergy, Brigham and Women’s Hospital, Boston, Massachusetts [345]

Katherine L. O’Brien

MD, MPH. Professor, Department of International Health, Bloomberg School of Public Health, Johns Hopkins University, Baltimore, Maryland [141]

Katherine A. High

MD. Professor Emerita, Perelman School of Medicine at the University of Pennsylvania; President and Chief Scientific Officer, Spark Therapeutics, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania [112, 458]

Karunesh Ganguly

MD, PhD. Associate Professor; Director of NeuroRehabilitation Research, Department of Neurology, University of California, San Francisco; Neurology and Rehabilitation Service, San Francisco VA Medical Center, San Francisco, California [477]

Karran A. Phillips

MD, MSc. Clinical Director, National Institute on Drug Abuse, National Institutes of Health, Baltimore, Maryland [447]

Karl L. Skorecki

MD, FRCP(C), FASN. Annie Chutick Professor in Medicine (Nephrology); Director, Rappaport Research Institute, Technion-Israel Institute of Technology; Director, Medical and Research Development, Rambam Health Care Campus, Haifa, Israel [305, 472]

Karina A. Top

MD, MS. Assistant Professor of Pediatrics and Community Health & Epidemiology, Dalhousie University, Halifax, Nova Scotia, Canada [155]

Karen L. Roos

MD. John and Nancy Nelson Professor of Neurology; Professor of Neurological Surgery, Indiana University School of Medicine, Indianapolis, Indiana [132, 133, 135]

Kanade Shinkai

MD, PhD. Associate Professor, Department of Dermatology, University of California, San Francisco, San Francisco, California [56]

Kami Kim

MD. Professor, Division of Infectious Diseases and International Medicine, Department of Internal Medicine, Morsani College of Medicine, University of South Florida, Tampa, Florida [223]

Kalpana Gupta

MD, MPH. Professor, Department of Medicine, Boston University School of Medicine; Chief, Section of Infectious Diseases, VA Boston Healthcare System, Boston, Massachusetts [130]

Kaitlin Rainwater-Lovett

PhD, MPH. Senior Staff Scientist, Applied Biological Sciences, Asymmetric Operations, Johns Hopkins University Applied Physics Laboratory, Laurel, Maryland [200]

Jyoti Mishra

PhD. Department of Psychiatry, University of California, San Diego, La Jolla, California [477]

Julian Solway

MD. Walter L. Palmer Distinguished Service Professor of Medicine and Pediatrics, Dean for Translational Medicine, Biological Sciences Division; Vice Chair for Research, Department of Medicine; Chair, Committee on Molecular Medicine, University of Chicago, Chicago, Illinois [279, 290]

Julian L. Seifter

MD. Associate Professor of Medicine, Harvard Medical School; Brigham and Women’s Hospital, Boston, Massachusetts [313]

Julia B. Lewis

MD. Professor, Department of Medicine, Division of Nephrology, Vanderbilt University Medical Center, Nashville, Tennessee [308]

Jules L. Dienstag

MD. Carl W. Walter Professor of Medicine, Harvard Medical School; Physician, Gastrointestinal Unit, Department of Medicine, Massachusetts General Hospital, Boston, Massachusetts [332-334, 338, A13]

Joyce D. Fingeroth

MD. Professor of Medicine, Division of Infectious Disease, University of Massachusetts Medical School, Worcester, Massachusetts [138]

Jos W. M. van der Meer

MD, PhD. Professor of Medicine, Department of Internal Medicine, Radboud University Medical Center, Nijmegen, The Netherlands [17, 442]

Joshua A. Boyce

MD. Professor of Medicine and Pediatrics; Albert L. Sheffer Professor of Medicine, Harvard Medical School; Director, Inflammation and Allergic Disease Research Section, Brigham and Women’s Hospital, Boston, Massachusetts [345-347]

Josep M. Llovet

MD, PhD. Liver Cancer Program, Division of Liver Diseases, Tisch Cancer Institute, Department of Medicine, Icahn School of Medicine at Mount Sinai, New York, New York; Liver Cancer Translational Research Laboratory, Barcelona Clínic Liver Cancer Group (BCLC), Liver Unit, IDIBAPS-Hospital Clínic, CIBERehd, University of Barcelona, Catalonia, Spain; Institució Catalana de Recerca i Estudis Avançats (ICREA), Barcelona, Catalonia, Spain [78]

Joseph V. Bonventre

MD, PhD. Samuel L. Levine Professor of Medicine; Chief, Renal Division; Chief, Engineering in Medicine Division, Brigham and Women’s Hospital, Boston, Massachusetts [304]

Joseph R. Betancourt

MD, MPH. Associate Professor of Medicine, Harvard Medical School; Director, The Disparities Solutions Center, Massachusetts General Hospital, Boston, Massachusetts [7]

Joseph Loscalzo

MD, PhD. Hersey Professor of the Theory and Practice of Medicine, Harvard Medical School; Chairman, Department of Medicine; Physician-in-Chief, Brigham and Women’s Hospital, Boston, Massachusetts [1, 36-39, 113, 231, 232, 234, 254, 256-263, 267, 269, 274-277, 476]

Joseph J. Rhatigan

MD. Associate Professor, Harvard Medical School, Harvard School of Public Health; Associate Chief, Division of Global Health Equity, Brigham and Women’s Hospital, Boston, Massachusetts [460]

Josephine P. Briggs

MD. Director, National Center for Complementary and Integrative Health (NCCIH) at the National Institutes of Health (NIH), Bethesda, Maryland [469]

Joseph G. Ouslander

MD. Professor and Senior Associate Dean for Geriatric Programs; Chair, Department of Integrated Medical Sciences; Interim Director, FAU Internal Medicine Residency Program, Charles E. Schmidt College of Medicine; Professor (Courtesy), Christine E. Lynn College of Nursing, Florida Atlantic University, Boca Raton, Florida [464]

Joseph Bass

MD, PhD. Division of Endocrinology, Metabolism and Molecular Medicine, Department of Medicine, Feinberg School of Medicine, Department of Neurobiology, Northwestern University, Chicago, Illinois [475]

Joseph B. Martin

MD, PhD. Lefler R. and Anne G. Lefler Professor of Neurobiology, Emeritus, Harvard Medical School, Boston, Massachusetts [415]

Joseph A. Murray

MD. Professor of Medicine, Departments of Internal Medicine and Immunology, Mayo Clinic School of Medicine, Rochester, Minnesota; Adjunct Professor of Pediatrics, University of Southern Denmark, Odense, Denmark [42]

Josep Dalmau

MD, PhD. ICREA Professor, Institut d’Investigacions Biomèdiques August Pi i Sunyer, Hospital Clínic, University of Barcelona, Barcelona, Spain; Adjunct Professor, University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania [90]

Jose A. Obeso

MD. Professor of Neurology and Director, CIINAC, Hospital de Madrid; Medical School, CEU-San Pablo, Madrid, Spain [428]

Jorge Cortes

MD. Jane and John Justin Distinguished Chair in Leukemia Research; Deputy Chairman; Section Chief of AML and CML, The University of Texas MD Anderson Cancer Center, Houston, Texas [101]

Jonathan R. Carapetis

MBBS, PhD, FRACP, FAFPHM, FAHMS. Director, Telethon Kids Institute; Professor, The University of Western Australia; Consultant, Perth Children’s Hospital, Perth, Western Australia [352]

Jonathan Newmark

MD, MM. Colonel (retired), Medical Corps, U.S. Army; Adjunct Professor of Neurology, F. Edward Hebert School of Medicine, Uniformed Services University of the Health Sciences, Bethesda, Maryland; Department of Neurology, Washington DC Veterans’ Affairs Medical Center, Washington, DC [C3]

Jonathan Cedernaes

MD, PhD. Visiting Postdoctoral Fellow, Division of Endocrinology, Metabolism and Molecular Medicine, Department of Medicine, Feinberg School of Medicine, Northwestern University, Chicago, Illinois [475]

Jonathan C. Horton

MD, PhD. William F. Hoyt Professor of Neuro-ophthalmology, Professor of Ophthalmology, Neurology and Physiology, University of California, San Francisco School of Medicine, San Francisco, California [28, Vídeos 28-1 a 28-19]

John W. Warren

MD. Professor of Medicine, University of Maryland School of Medicine, Baltimore, Maryland [47]

John W. Engstrom

MD. Betty Anker Fife Distinguished Professor and Vice-Chairman; Neurology Residency Program Director, University of California, San Francisco, San Francisco, California [14, 432]

John W. Adamson

MD. Clinical Professor, Division of Hematology/Oncology, Department of Medicine, University of California at San Diego, San Diego, California [59, 93]

John Varga

MD. John Hughes Professor of Medicine, Northwestern University Feinberg School of Medicine, Chicago, Illinois [353]

John T. Repke

MD, FACOG. University Professor and Chairman, Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Pennsylvania State University College of Medicine; Obstetrician-Gynecologist In-Chief, The Milton S. Hershey Medical Center, Hershey, Pennsylvania [466]

John T. Potts

Jr., MD. Jackson Distinguished Professor of Clinical Medicine, Harvard Medical School; Director of Research and Physician-in-Chief Emeritus, Massachusetts General Hospital, Boston, Massachusetts [403]

John R. Murphy

PhD. Professor of Medicine and Microbiology, Boston University School of Medicine, Boston Massachusetts, and Adjunct Professor of Medicine, Johns Hopkins School of Medicine, Baltimore, Maryland [145]

John R. Balmes

MD. Professor of Medicine, University of California, San Francisco; Professor, School of Public Health, University of California, Berkeley; Attending Physician, Division of Occupational and Environmental Medicine, San Francisco General Hospital, San Francisco, California [283]

John P. Kress

MD. Professor of Medicine, Director, Medical Intensive Care Unit, University of Chicago, Chicago, Illinois [293]

John N. Mecchella

DO, MPH. Assistant Professor of Medicine, Geisel School of Medicine at Dartmouth, Dartmouth-Hitchcock Medical Center, Lebanon, New Hampshire [410]

John M. Stafford

MD, PhD. Associate Professor of Medicine, Diabetes and Endocrinology, Vanderbilt University School of Medicine, Nashville, Tennessee [398]

John L. Berk

MD. Associate Professor of Medicine, Boston University School of Medicine; Assistant Director, Amyloidosis Center, Boston Medical Center, Boston, Massachusetts [108]

John J. Reilly

Jr., MD. Richard Krugman Endowed Chair; Vice Chancellor for Health Affairs; Dean, University of Colorado School of Medicine, Aurora, Colorado [A12]

John J. Cush

MD. Professor of Medicine and Rheumatology; Director of Clinical Rheumatology, Baylor Research Institute, Baylor University Medical Center, Baylor Scott & White Health, Dallas, Texas [363]

John I. Gallin

MD. Associate Director for Clinical Research; Chief Scientific Officer, Clinical Center, National Institutes of Health, Bethesda, Maryland [60]

John H. Stone

MD, MPH. Professor of Medicine, Harvard Medical School; The Edward A. Fox Chair in Medicine; Director, Clinical Rheumatology, Massachusetts General Hospital, Boston, Massachusetts [361]

John F. McConville

MD. Associate Professor of Medicine; Director, Internal Medicine Residency Program; Vice Chair for Education, University of Chicago, Department of Medicine, Chicago, Illinois [290]

John F. Bateman

PhD. Theme Director, Cell Biology; Group Leader, Musculoskeletal Research, Murdoch Children’s Research Institute, The Royal Children’s Hospital, Parkville, Victoria, Australia [406]

John E. Edwards

Jr., MD. Distinguished Professor of Medicine Emeritus, David Geffen School of Medicine at UCLA; Senior Investigator, LA Biomedical Research Institute at Harbor/UCLA, Torrance, California [206, 211]

John Del Valle

MD. Professor and Senior Associate Chair of Medicine, Department of Internal Medicine, University of Michigan School of Medicine, Ann Arbor, Michigan [317]

John C. Byrd

MD. D. Warren Brown Chair of Leukemia Research; Distinguished University Professor of Medicine, Medicinal Chemistry, and Veterinary Biosciences; Director, Division of Hematology, Department of Medicine, The Ohio State University, Columbus, Ohio [103]

John C. Atherton

MD, FRCP. Professor of Gastroenterology; Pro-Vice-Chancellor and Dean of the Faculty of Medicine and Health Sciences, University of Nottingham, Nottingham, United Kingdom [158]

John C. Achermann

MD, PhD, MB. Wellcome Trust Senior Research Fellow in Clinical Science, University College London; Professor of Paediatric Endocrinology, UCL GOS Institute of Child Health, University College London, London, United Kingdom [383]

John B. Wong

MD. Professor of Medicine, Tufts University School of Medicine; Chief, Division of Clinical Decision Making, Department of Medicine; Tufts New England Medical Center, Boston, Massachusetts [3]

John A. Kessler

MD. Davee Professor of Stem Cell Biology, Davee Department of Neurology; Director, Northwestern University Stem Cell Institute, Feinberg School of Medicine, Northwestern University, Chicago, Illinois [473]

Johanna Dwyer

DSc, RD. Professor, Tufts University School of Medicine; Senior Scientist, Jean Mayer USDA Human Nutrition Research Center on Aging; Director, Frances Stern Nutrition Center, Tufts Medical Center, Boston, Massachusetts [325]

Joel Kramer

PsyD. Professor of Neuropsychology in Neurology; Director of Neuropsychology, Memory and Aging Center, University of California, San Francisco, San Francisco, California [425, Vídeo 26-1]

Joel G. Breman

MD, DTPH. Senior Scientist Emeritus, Fogarty International Center, National Institutes of Health, Bethesda, Maryland [A6]

Joel D. Taurog

MD. Professor of Internal Medicine, Rheumatic Diseases Division, University of Texas Southwestern Medical Center, Dallas, Texas [355]

Joanne M. Bargman

MD, FRCPC. Professor of Medicine; Director, Clinical Fellowship in Nephrology, University of Toronto; Staff Nephrologist; Director, Peritoneal Dialysis Program; Co-Director, Renal-Rheumatology Lupus Clinic, University Health Network; Past-President, International Society for Peritoneal Dialysis, Toronto, Ontario, Canada [305]

JoAnn E. Manson

MD, DrPH. Professor of Medicine and the Michael and Lee Bell Professor of Women’s Health, Harvard Medical School; Chief, Division of Preventive Medicine, Brigham and Women’s Hospital, Boston, Massachusetts [388]

Jiři F. P. Wagenaar

MD, PhD. Leptospirosis Reference Center, Academic Medical Center, Medical Microbiology, Amsterdam, The Netherlands [179]

Jing Zhou

MD, PhD, FASN. Professor of Medicine, Harvard Medical School; Director, Laboratory of Molecular Genetics and Developmental Biology of Disease, Renal Division; Director, Center for Polycystic Kidney Disease Research, Brigham and Women’s Hospital; Boston, Massachusetts [309]

Jessica M. Baker

MD. Fellow in Movement Disorders, Department of Neurology, Brigham and Women’s Hospital, Boston, Massachusetts [23]

Jesse B. Hall

MD, FCCP. Professor of Medicine, Anesthesia and Critical Care; Chief, Section of Pulmonary and Critical Care Medicine, University of Chicago, Chicago, Illinois [293]

Jerry L. Spivak

MD. Professor of Medicine and Oncology, Hematology Division, Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine, Baltimore, Maryland [99]

Jens H. Kuhn

MD, PhD, MS. Research Leader, Battelle Memorial Institute and Lead Virologist, NIH/NIAID/DCR/Integrated Research Facility at Fort Detrick (IRF-Frederick), Fort Detrick, Frederick, Maryland [204, 205]

Jennifer Ogar

MS CCC-SLP. Speech-Language Pathologist, Memory and Aging Center, University of California, San Francisco, San Francisco, California [Vídeo 26-1]

Jennifer M. Croswell

MD, MPH. Senior Program Officer, Office of the Chief Science Officer, Patient-Centered Outcomes Research Institute (PCORI), Washington, DC [66]

Jennifer A. Woyach

MD. Associate Professor, Division of Hematology, The Ohio State University, Columbus, Ohio [103]

Jeffrey W. Clark

MD. Associate Professor of Medicine, Harvard Medical School; Medical Director, Clinical Trials Core, Dana-Farber Harvard Cancer Center; Massachusetts General Hospital, Boston, Massachusetts [68]

Jeffrey S. Flier

MD. Higginson Professor of Physiology and Medicine; Harvard University Distinguished Service Professor, Harvard Medical School, Boston, Massachusetts [394]

Jeffrey M. Gelfand

MD, MAS, FAAN. Assistant Professor of Clinical Neurology, Department of Neurology, University of California, San Francisco, San Francisco, California [20]

Jeffrey I. Weitz

Professor of Medicine
Biochemistry and Biomedical Sciences McMaster
University
Executive Director, Thrombosis & Atherosclerosis
Research Institute
Hamilton, Ontario, Canada

Jeffrey I. Cohen

MD. Chief, Laboratory of Infectious Diseases, National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases, National Institutes of Health, Bethesda, Maryland [189, 199]

Jeffrey Berns

MD. Professor of Medicine and Pediatrics; Associate Chief, Renal Electrolyte and Hypertension Division; Associate Dean for Graduate Medical Education, Perelman School of Medicine of the University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania [465]

Jeffery S. Dzieczkowski

MD. Physician, Boise VA Medical Center, V-IMPACT Telehealth Program, Boise, Idaho [109]

Jeannine M. Petersen

PhD. Research Microbiologist, Division of Vector-Borne Diseases, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Fort Collins, Colorado [165]

Jeanne M. Marrazzo

MD, MPH, FACP, FIDSA. C. Glenn Cobbs, MD, Endowed Professor in Infectious Diseases; Director, Division of Infectious Diseases, University of Alabama at Birmingham School of Medicine, Birmingham, Alabama [131]

Jean L. Bolognia

MD. Professor, Department of Dermatology, Yale University School of Medicine, New Haven, Connecticut [54]

Jean Bergounioux

MD, PhD, PhC. Pediatric Intensive Care Unit, Hôpital Raymond-Poincaré, Université de Versailles-Saint Quentin, Garches, France [161]

Jay S. Keystone

CM, MD, FRCPC, MSc(CTM). Professor of Medicine, University of Toronto, Toronto, Ontario, Canada [119]

Jay H. Hoofnagle

MD. Director, Liver Diseases Research Branch, National Institute of Diabetes and Digestive and Kidney Diseases, National Institutes of Health, Bethesda, Maryland [329]

Janice P. Dutcher

MD. Associate Director, Cancer Research Foundation of New York, Chappaqua, New York; Former Professor of Medicine, New York Medical College, Valhalla, New York [71]

Janet E. Hall

MD. Clinical Director and Senior Investigator, Division of Intramural Research, NIH/NIEHS, Research Triangle Park, North Carolina [385, 386, 389]

Janet A. Yellowitz

DMD, MPH. Associate Professor; Director, Special Care and Geriatric Dentistry, University of Maryland School of Dentistry, Baltimore, Maryland [A2]

Jane E. Freedman

MD. Professor of Medicine, University of Massachusetts Medical School, Worcester, Massachusetts [113]

Jane A. Leopold

MD. Associate Professor of Medicine, Harvard Medical School; Director, Women’s Interventional Cardiology Health Initiative, Brigham and Women’s Hospital, Boston, Massachusetts [237, A11]

Jamil Azzi

Assistant Professor of Medicine
Transplantation Research Center
Harvard Medical School
Boston, Massachusetts

James R. Johnson

MD. Professor of Medicine, University of Minnesota; Veterans Affairs Medical Center, Minneapolis, Minnesota [156]

James P. Rathmell

MD. Leroy D. Vandam Professor of Anaesthesia, Harvard Medical School; Chair, Department of Anesthesiology, Perioperative and Pain Medicine, Brigham and Women’s Hospital, Boston, Massachusetts [10]

James L. Abbruzzese

MD, FACP, FASCO, DSc (hon). Duke Cancer Institute Distinguished Professor of Medical Oncology; Chief, Division of Medical Oncology, Department of Medicine; Associate Director for Clinical Research and Training, Duke Cancer Institute, Duke University Medical Center, Durham, North Carolina [88]

James E. Crowe

Professor of Pediatrics, Pathology, Microbiology and
Immunology
Director, Vanderbilt Vaccine Center
Vanderbilt University Medical Center
Nashville, Tennessee

James D. Crapo

MD. Professor, Department of Medicine, Division of Pulmonary, Critical Care and Sleep Medicine, National Jewish Health, Denver, Colorado [286]

James A. Romano

Jr., PhD, DABT, ATS. Principal Senior Life Scientist Advisor, Tunnell Government Services, Inc., Rockville, Maryland [C3]

James A. Eastham

MD. Chief, Urology Service; Peter T. Scardino Chair in Oncology, Department of Surgery, Sidney Kimmel Center for Prostate and Urologic Cancers, Memorial Sloan Kettering Cancer Center, New York, New York [83]

Jaime Sepulveda

MD, MPH, DSc. Haile T. Debas Distinguished Professor of Global Health; Director, Institute for Global Health Sciences, University of California, San Francisco, San Francisco, California [461]

Jack Ende

MD. Schaeffer Professor of Medicine; Assistant Vice President, University of Pennsylvania Health System; Assistant Dean for Advanced Medical Practice, Perelman School of Medicine of the University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania [465]

J. Stephen Dumler

MD. Professor and Chair, Department of Pathology, Uniformed Services University of the Health Sciences; Walter Reed National Military Medical Center; Joint Pathology Center, Bethesda, Maryland [182]

J. Michael Gaziano

MD, MPH. Professor of Medicine, Harvard Medical School; Chief, Division of Aging, Brigham and Women’s Hospital; Director, Massachusetts Veterans Epidemiology Center, Boston VA Healthcare System, Boston, Massachusetts [233]

J. Larry Jameson

MD, PhD. Robert G. Dunlop Professor of Medicine; Dean, Raymond and Ruth Perelman School of Medicine; Executive Vice President, University of Pennsylvania for the Health System, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania [1, 43, 89, 369-373, 375-378, 383, 384, 456, 457, A15]

J. Claude Hemphill

III, MD, MAS. Professor of Neurology and Neurological Surgery, University of California, San Francisco; Chief of Neurology, Zuckerberg San Francisco General Hospital, San Francisco, California [301, 302, 419-421]

Ivan O. Rosas

MD. Associate Professor of Medicine, Harvard Medical School; Department of Medicine, Division of Pulmonary and Critical Care Medicine, Brigham and Women’s Hospital, Boston, Massachusetts [287]

Irwin M. Braverman

MD. Professor Emeritus; Senior Research Scientist, Department of Dermatology, Yale University School of Medicine, New Haven, Connecticut [54]

Ikuo Hirano

MD. Professor of Medicine, Division of Gastroenterology, Northwestern University Feinberg School of Medicine, Chicago, Illinois [40, 316]

Howard L. Fields

MD, PhD. Professor, Department of Neurology, University of California, San Francisco, San Francisco, California [10]

Howard I. Scher

MD. Professor of Medicine, Joan and Sanford Weill College of Medicine of Cornell University; D. Wayne Calloway Chair in Urologic Oncology; Attending Physician and Chief, Genitourinary Oncology Service, Department of Medicine, Memorial Sloan-Kettering Cancer Center, New York, New York [83]

Howard Hu

MD, MPH, ScD. Dean; Professor of Environmental Health, Epidemiology and Global Health, Dalla Lana School of Public Health; Professor of Medicine, University of Toronto, Toronto, Ontario, Canada [449]

Holger Thiele

MD. Professor of Medicine, University of Luebeck, Germany, Director, University Heart Center Luebeck, Cardiology/Angiology and Intensive Care Medicine, Luebeck, Germany [298]

Henry Masur

MD. Clinical Professor of Medicine, George Washington University School of Medicine, Washington, DC; Chief, Critical Care Medicine Department, Clinical Center, National Institutes of Health, Bethesda, Maryland [215]

Henry M. Kronenberg

MD. Professor of Medicine, Harvard Medical School; Chief, Endocrine Division, Massachusetts General Hospital, Boston, Massachusetts [402]

Henry J. Binder

MD. Professor Emeritus of Medicine, Senior Research Scientist, Yale University, New Haven, Connecticut [318]

Harvey J. Makadon

MD, FACP. Professor of Medicine, Harvard Medical School; Director of Education and Training Programs, The Fenway Institute, Boston, Massachusetts [393]

Hartmut P. H. Neumann

MD. Unit for Preventive Medicine, Department of Nephrology and General Medicine, Albert-Ludwigs University of Freiburg, Freiburg, Germany [380]

Harald W. Jüppner

MD. Professor of Pediatrics, Endocrine Unit and Pediatric Nephrology Unit, Harvard Medical School; Massachusetts General Hospital, Boston, Massachusetts [403]

Haralampos M. Moutsopoulos

MD, FACP, FRCP(hc), Master ACR Professor Emeritus, Medical School, National University of Athens, Athens, Greece [350, 354, 357]

Hagop Kantarjian

MD. Chairman, Leukemia Department; Professor of Leukemia, The University of Texas MD Anderson Cancer Center, Houston, Texas [101]

H. Ralph Schumacher

† Jr., MD. Professor of Medicine, Division of Rheumatology, University of Pennsylvania, School of Medicine, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania [365]

H. Clifford Lane

MD. Clinical Director, National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases, National Institutes of Health, Bethesda, Maryland [197, C2]

Gustav Paumgartner

MD. Professor Emeritus of Medicine, University of Munich, Munich, Germany [339]

Gregory K. Folkers

MS, MPH. Chief of Staff, Office of the Director, National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases, National Institutes of Health, Bethesda, Maryland [197]

Gregory F. Michaud

MD. Chief, Arrhythmia Section; Professor of Medicine, Vanderbilt University School of Medicine, Nashville, Tennessee [241-246]

Gregory A. Grabowski

MD. Professor Emeritus, Department of Pediatrics, University of Cincinnati College of Medicine; Division of Human Genetics, Cincinnati Children’s Hospital Medical Center; Chief Scientific Officer, Kiniksa Pharmaceuticals, Ltd., Wellesley, Massachusetts [411]

Gregory A. Filice

MD. Professor of Medicine, Medical School, and Adjunct Professor of Epidemiology and Community Health, School of Public Health, University of Minnesota; Chief, Infectious Disease Section, Veterans Affairs Healthcare System, Minneapolis, Minnesota [169]

Gordon L. Jensen

MD, PhD. Senior Associate Dean for Research; Professor of Medicine and Nutrition, University of Vermont College of Medicine, Burlington, Vermont [327]

Gordon F. Tomaselli

MD. Michel Mirowski, MD Professor of Cardiology; Professor of Medicine and Cellular and Molecular Medicine; Chief, Division of Cardiology, Johns Hopkins University, Baltimore, Maryland [238-240]

Glenn M. Chertow

MD, MPH. Norman S. Coplon/Satellite Healthcare Professor of Medicine; Chief, Division of Nephrology, Stanford University School of Medicine, Palo Alto, California [306]

Gil D. Rabinovici

MD. Ed Fein and Pearl Landrith Distinguished Professor, Memory and Aging Center, Department of Neurology, University of California, San Francisco, San Francisco, California [Vídeo 26-1]

Gijs Bleijenberg

PhD. Professor Emeritus, Expert Centre for Chronic Fatigue, Radboud University Medical Centre, Nijmegen, The Netherlands [442]

Gerald T. Nepom

MD, PhD. Professor (Affiliate), University of Washington School of Medicine; Director, Immune Tolerance Network, Benaroya Research Institute, Seattle, Washington [343]

Gerald B. Pier

PhD. Professor of Medicine (Microbiology and Immunobiology), Harvard Medical School; Brigham and Women’s Hospital, Division of Infectious Diseases, Boston, Massachusetts [116]

George W. Rutherford

MD, MA. Salvatore Pablo Lucia Professor of Epidemiology, Preventive Medicine, Pediatrics and History; Vice Chair, Department of Epidemiology and Biostatistics; Head, Division of Infectious Disease Epidemiology, University of California, San Francisco, San Francisco, California [461]

Daniel H. Lowenstein

MD. Dr. Robert B. and Mrs. Ellinor Aird Professor of Neurology; Director, Epilepsy Center; Executive Vice Chancellor and Provost, University of California, San Francisco, San Francisco, California [415, 418, Vídeo 415-1]

George J. Brewer

MD. Morton S. and Henrietta K. Sellner Emeritus, Professor of Human Genetics, Emeritus Professor of Internal Medicine, University of Michigan Medical School, Ann Arbor, Michigan [408]

Geoffrey Tabin

MD. Fairweather Foundation Endowed Chair; Professor of Ophthalmology and Global Health, Stanford University; Director, Himalayan Cataract Project, Palo Alto, California [453]

Geoffrey T. Manley

MD, PhD. Professor and Vice Chairman of Neurological Surgery, University of California, San Francisco; Chief of Neurosurgery, Zuckerberg San Francisco General Hospital and Trauma Center; Co-Director, Brain and Spinal Injury Center, University of California, San Francisco, San Francisco, California [435]

Gauri R. Varadhachary

MD. Professor, Department of Gastrointestinal Medical Oncology, The University of Texas M.D. Anderson Cancer Center, Houston, Texas [88]

Gary M. Hunninghake

MD, MPH. Assistant Professor of Medicine, Harvard Medical School; Department of Medicine, Division of Pulmonary and Critical Care Medicine, Brigham and Women’s Hospital, Boston, Massachusetts [287]

Gary L. Robertson

MD. Emeritus Professor of Medicine, Northwestern University School of Medicine, Chicago, Illinois [374]

Gary J. Martin

MD. Raymond J. Langenbach, MD Professor of Medicine; Vice Chairman for Faculty Affairs, Department of Medicine, Northwestern University Feinberg School of Medicine, Chicago, Illinois [4]

Gary C. Curhan

MD. Professor of Medicine, Harvard Medical School; Professor of Epidemiology, Harvard School of Public Health; Editor-in-Chief, Clinical Journal of the American Society of Nephrology; Channing Division of Network Medicine/Renal Division, Brigham and Women’s Hospital, Boston, Massachusetts [312]

Gail Kang

MD. Private Practice, Berkeley, California [Vídeo 23-1]

Fred Wang

MD. Professor of Medicine and Professor of Microbiology and Immunobiology, Harvard Medical School; Medical Director, Clinical Virology Laboratory, Brigham and Women’s Hospital, Boston, Massachusetts [185, 191]

Fred Bunz

MD, PhD. Associate Professor, Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine, Baltimore, Maryland [67]

François Chappuis

MD, PhD. Professor, Faculty of Medicine, University of Geneva; Head, Division of Tropical and Humanitarian Medicine, Geneva University Hospitals, Geneva, Switzerland [222]

Franklin D. Lowy

MD. Clyde ’56 and Helen Wu Professor of Medicine and Pathology and Cell Biology, Columbia University College of Physicians and Surgeons, New York, New York [142]

Florencia Pereyra

MD. Instructor in Medicine, Harvard Medical School; Associate Physician, Infectious Disease Division, Brigham and Women’s Hospital, Boston, Massachusetts [136]

Felicia Cosman

MD. Professor of Medicine, Columbia University, New York, New York; Helen Hayes Hospital, West Haverstraw, New York [404]

F. Richard Bringhurst

MD. Associate Professor of Medicine, Harvard Medical School; Physician, Massachusetts General Hospital, Boston, Massachusetts [402]

Ezekiel J. Emanuel

MD, PhD. Chair, Department of Medical Ethics and Health Policy, Levy University Professor, Perelman School of Medicine and Wharton School, University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania [9]

Everett E. Vokes

MD. John E. Ultmann Professor; Chairman, Department of Medicine; Physician-in-Chief, University of Chicago Medicine and Biological Sciences, Chicago, Illinois [73]

Eugene Braunwald

MD, MA (Hon), ScD (Hon), FRCP. Distinguished Hersey Professor of Medicine, Harvard Medical School; Founding Chairman, TIMI Study Group, Brigham and Women’s Hospital, Boston, Massachusetts [37, 265, 268]

Eric J. Sorscher

MD. Hertz Professor of Cystic Fibrosis Research, Emory University, Georgia Research Alliance Eminent Scholar, Atlanta, Georgia [285]

Eric J. Nestler

MD, PhD. Nash Family Professor, Department of Neuroscience; Director, Friedman Brain Institute; Dean for Academic and Scientific Affairs, Ichan School of Medicine at Mount Sinai, New York, New York [443]

Eric H. Awtry

MD. Associate Professor of Medicine, Boston University School of Medicine, Cardiology Division, Boston Medical Center, Boston, Massachusetts [266, C8]

Eric G. Neilson

MD. Lewis Landsberg Dean and Vice President of Medical Affairs, Feinberg School of Medicine, Northwestern University, Chicago, Illinois [303, 308, A3]

Erica S. Shenoy

MD, PhD. Assistant Professor of Medicine, Harvard Medical School; Associate Chief, Infection Control Unit, Massachusetts General Hospital, Boston, Massachusetts [139]

Elyse E. Lower

MD. Department of Internal Medicine, Division of Hematology-Oncology, University of Cincinnati, Cincinnati, Ohio [360]

Elliott M. Antman

MD. Professor of Medicine, Cardiovascular Division, Department of Medicine, Brigham and Women’s Hospital; Associate Dean for Clinical/Translational Research, Harvard Medical School, Boston, Massachusetts [267, 269]

Elliott Kieff

MD, PhD. Harriet Ryan Albee Professor of Medicine, Harvard Medical School; Brigham and Women’s Hospital, Boston, Massachusetts [185]

Elizabeth Robbins

MD. Clinical Professor of Pediatrics, University of California, San Francisco, San Francisco, California [C9]

Elizabeth L. Hohmann

MD. Associate Professor of Medicine and Infectious Diseases, Harvard Medical School; Massachusetts General Hospital, Boston, Massachusetts [146]

Elizabeth A. Ashley

MB, BS, PhD, MRCP, FRCPath. Center for Tropical Medicine and Global Health, University of Oxford, Oxford, United Kingdom [219]

Eli Glatstein

MD. Professor Emeritus, Department of Radiation Oncology, Hospital of the University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania [C4]

Eleftheria Maratos-Flier

MD. Professor of Medicine, Harvard Medical School; Division of Endocrinology, Beth Israel Deaconess Medical Center, Boston, Massachusetts [394]

Elbert P. Trulock

III, MD. Rosemary and I. Jerome Flance Professor in Pulmonary Medicine, Department of Internal Medicine, Division of Pulmonary and Critical Care Medicine, Washington University School of Medicine; The Lung Transplantation Program, Barnes-Jewish Hospital, St. Louis, Missouri [292]

Elaine T. Kaye

MD. Assistant Professor of Dermatology, Harvard Medical School; Boston Children’s Hospital, Boston, Massachusetts [16, A1]

Edwin K. Silverman

MD, PhD. Professor of Medicine, Harvard Medical School; Chief, Channing Division of Network Medicine, Department of Medicine, Brigham and Women’s Hospital, Boston, Massachusetts [286]

Edward T. Ryan

MD, FACP, FIDSA, FASTMH, FAAM. Professor of Medicine, Harvard Medical School; Professor of Immunology and Infectious Diseases, Harvard School of Public Health; Director, Global Infectious Diseases, Division of Infectious Diseases, Massachusetts General Hospital, Boston, Massachusetts [163]

Edward T. Naureckas

MD. Professor of Medicine, Section of Pulmonary and Critical Care Medicine, University of Chicago, Chicago, Illinois [279]

Edward J. Benz

Jr., MD. Richard and Susan Smith Distinguished Professor of Medicine; Professor of Pediatrics and Genetics, Harvard Medical School; President and CEO Emeritus, Dana-Farber Cancer Institute; Director and Principal Investigator Emeritus, Dana-Farber/Harvard Cancer Center, Boston, Massachusetts [94]

Edward A. Sausville

Professor of Medicine; Adjunct Professor, Pharmacology &
Experimental Therapeutics
University of Maryland School of Medicine
Baltimore, Maryland

Edouard Vannier

PharmD, PhD. Assistant Professor, Division of Geographic Medicine and Infectious Diseases, Department of Medicine, Tufts Medical Center and Tufts University School of Medicine, Boston, Massachusetts [220]

Edgar L. Milford

MD. Associate Professor of Medicine, Harvard Medical School; Director, Tissue Typing Laboratory, Brigham and Women’s Hospital, Boston, Massachusetts [307]

E. William St. Clair

MD. Professor of Medicine and Immunology, Department of Medicine, Duke University Medical Center, Durham, North Carolina [351]

Douglas L. Mann

MD. Lewin Chair and Chief, Cardiovascular Division; Professor of Medicine, Cell Biology and Physiology, Washington University School of Medicine, Cardiologist-in-Chief, Barnes Jewish Hospital, St. Louis, Missouri [252]

Donald M. Lloyd-Jones

MD, ScM. Senior Associate Dean for Clinical and Translational Research; Chair, Department of Preventive Medicine; Director, Northwestern University Clinical and Translational Sciences Institute (NUCATS), Northwestern University, Feinberg School of Medicine, Chicago, Illinois [2]

Divya Reddy

MD, MPH. Pulmonary Division, Albert Einstein College of Medicine/Montefiore Medical Center, Bronx, New York [176]

Dieter Hoelzer

PhD, MD. Emeritus Director of Internal Medicine, University of Frankfurt, Frankfurt, Germany [102]

Derek C. Angus

MD, MPH. Distinguished Professor and Mitchell P. Fink Endowed Chair, Department of Critical Care Medicine University of Pittsburgh Schools of the Health Sciences, Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania [297]

Dennis L. Stevens

MD, PhD. Professor of Medicine, University of Washington School of Medicine, Seattle, Washington; ACOS for Research and Development, Veterans Affairs Medical Center, Boise, Idaho [124, 149]

Dennis L. Kasper

MD. William Ellery Channing Professor of Medicine and Professor of Microbiology and Immunobiology, Division of Immunology, Department of Microbiology and Immunobiology, Harvard Medical School, Boston, Massachusetts [1, 115, 117, 127, 153, 172, 459]

Deepak L. Bhatt

MD, MPH. Professor of Medicine, Harvard Medical School; Executive Director of Interventional Cardiovascular Programs, Brigham and Women’s Hospital Heart and Vascular Center, Boston, Massachusetts [270, A11]

Deborah T. Hung

MD, PhD. Associate Professor of Genetics and Associate Professor of Medicine, Harvard Medical School; Brigham and Women’s Hospital; Massachusetts General Hospital, Boston, Massachusetts; Co-Director, Infectious Disease & Microbiome Program, Broad Institute of MIT and Harvard, Cambridge, Massachusetts [474]

David W. Denning

MBBS, FRCP, FRCPath, FMedSci. Professor of Infectious Diseases in Global Health; Director, National Aspergillosis Centre, The University of Manchester and Wythenshawe Hospital, Manchester, United Kingdom [212]

David W. Bates

MD, MSc. Professor of Medicine, Harvard Medical School; Chief, General Internal Medicine and Primary Care Division, Brigham and Women’s Hospital; Medical Director, Clinical and Quality Analysis, Partners HealthCare System, Inc., Boston, Massachusetts [6]

David T. Scadden

MD. Gerald and Darlene Jordan Professor of Medicine; Chair and Professor, Department of Stem Cell and Regenerative Biology, Harvard University; Director, Center for Regenerative Medicine; Massachusetts General Hospital, Co-director, Harvard Stem Cell Institute; Cambridge, Massachusetts [92]

David T. Felson

MD, MPH. Professor of Medicine and Epidemiology; Chair, Clinical Epidemiology Unit, Boston University School of Medicine, Boston, Massachusetts [364]

David Spriggs

MD, FACP, FASCO. Faculty Member, Harvard Medical School; Program Director of Gynecologic Oncology at the Massachusetts General Hospital Cancer Center, Boston, Massachusetts [85]

David R. Bickers

MD. Carl Truman Nelson Professor and Chair, Department of Dermatology, Columbia University Medical Center, New York, New York [57]

David P. Faxon

MD. Senior Lecturer, Harvard Medical School; Associate Chief of Cardiology, Brigham and Women’s Hospital; Boston, Massachusetts [237, 270, A11]

David M. Burns

MD. Professor Emeritus, Department of Family and Preventive Medicine, University of California, San Diego School of Medicine, San Diego, California [448]

David J. Vaughn

MD. Genitourinary Medical Oncology Professor, Perelman School of Medicine at the University of Pennsylvania, Perelman Center for Advanced Medicine, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania [84]

David J. Salant

MD. Professor of Medicine, Boston University School of Medicine; Chief, Section of Nephrology, Boston Medical Center, Boston, Massachusetts [310]

David Hong

MD. Instructor of Medicine, Harvard Medical School; Division of Allergy & Immunology, Brigham and Women’s Hospital, Boston, Massachusetts [346]

David H. Walker

MD. The Carmage and Martha Walls Distinguished University Chair in Tropical Diseases; Professor, Department of Pathology; Executive Director, Center for Biodefense and Emerging Infectious Diseases, University of Texas Medical Branch, Galveston, Texas [182]

David H. Ingbar

MD. Professor, Medicine, Pediatrics and Integrative Biology and Physiology; Director, Pulmonary, Allergy, Critical Care and Sleep Division; CTSI Associate Director, Education, Career Development and Training; Executive Director, Center for Lung Science and Health, University of Minnesota School of Medicine, Minneapolis, Minnesota [298]

David Goldblatt

MB, ChB, PhD. Professor of Vaccinology and Immunology; Consultant in Paediatric Immunology; Director of Clinical Research and Development; Director, NIHR Biomedical Research Centre, Great Ormond Street Institute of Child Health; University College London; Great Ormond Street Hospital for Children NHS Trust, London, United Kingdom [141]

David G. Le Couteur

MD, PhD. Professor of Geriatric Medicine and Director of the Ageing and Alzheimer’s Institute, University of Sydney and Concord Hospital, Sydney, Australia [463]

David F. Driscoll

PhD. Associate Professor of Medicine, University of Massachusetts Medical School, Worchester, Massachusetts [328]

David D. Spragg

MD. Associate Professor, Department of Medicine, Johns Hopkins University, Baltimore, Maryland [238-240]

David C. Hooper

MD. Professor, Harvard Medical School; Chief, Infection Control Unit; Associate Chief, Division of Infectious Diseases, Massachusetts General Hospital, Boston, Massachusetts [139, 140]

David B. Mount

MD. Assistant Professor of Medicine, Harvard Medical School; Renal Division, Brigham and Women’s Hospital, Renal Division, Boston VA Healthcare System, Boston, Massachusetts [48, 49, C1]

David A. Pegues

MD. Professor of Medicine, Division of Infectious Diseases, Perelman School of Medicine, University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania [160]

David A. Morrow

MD, MPH. Professor of Medicine, Harvard Medical School; Director, Samuel A. Levine Cardiac Intensive Care Unit, Cardiovascular Division, Brigham and Women’s Hospital, Boston, Massachusetts [11]

David A. Ehrmann

MD. Professor of Medicine, Section of Endocrinology; Director, University of Chicago Center for PCOS, University of Chicago, Chicago, Illinois [387]

David A. Asch

MD, MBA. Executive Director, Penn Medicine Center for Health Care Innovation; Physician, Cresencz Philadelphia VA Medical Center; John Morgan Professor of Medicine, Medical Ethics and Health Policy, Health Care Management, and Operations, Information and Decisions, Perelman School of Medicine and Wharton School, University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania [468]

Daryl R. Gress

MD, FAAN, FCCM, FNCS. Professor of Neurology, University of Nebraska, Omaha, Nebraska [301, 302]

Darwin L. Conwell

MD, MS. Professor of Medicine, The Ohio State University College of Medicine; Director, Division of Gastroenterology, Hepatology and Nutrition; The Ohio State University Wexner Medical Center, Columbus, Ohio [340, 341]

Darwin J. Prockop

MD, PhD. Professor and Director, Institute for Regenerative Medicine, Texas A&M Health Science Center, Temple, Texas [406]

Darron R. Brown

MD, MPH. Professor of Medicine; Professor of Microbiology and Immunology; Adjunct Professor of Epidemiology; Member, Simon Cancer Center; Department of Medicine, Division of Infectious Diseases, Indiana University School of Medicine, Indianapolis, Indiana [193]

Danny O. Jacobs

MD, MPH, FACS. Executive Vice President, Provost, and Dean of the School of Medicine; Thomas N. and Gleaves T. James Distinguished Chair, The University of Texas Medical Branch at Galveston, Galveston, Texas [12, 323, 324]

Dan M. Roden

MD. Professor of Medicine, Pharmacology, and Biomedical Informatics; Director, Oates Institute for Experimental Therapeutics; Senior Vice-President for Personalized Medicine, Vanderbilt University Medical Center, Nashville, Tennessee [63, 64]

Dan L. Longo

MD, MACP. Professor of Medicine, Harvard Medical School; Senior Physician, Brigham and Women’s Hospital; Deputy Editor, New England Journal of Medicine, Boston, Massachusetts [1, 58, 59, 62, 65, 68, 69, 89, 91, 92, 97, 104-107, 196, A5]

Daniel S. Pratt

MD. Assistant Professor of Medicine, Harvard Medical School; Clinical Director, Liver Transplantation; Director, Autoimmune and Cholestatic Liver Center, Massachusetts General Hospital, Boston, Massachusetts [45, 330]

Daniel L. Kastner

MD, PhD. Scientific Director, National Human Genome Research Institute, National Institutes of Health, Bethesda, Maryland [362]

Daniel J. Rader

MD. Seymour Gray Professor of Molecular Medicine; Chair, Department of Genetics; Chief, Division of Translational Medicine and Human Genetics, Department of Medicine, Perelman School of Medicine at the University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania [400]

Daniel F. Hayes

MD, FACP, FASCO. Stuart B Padnos Professor of Breast Cancer Research; Clinical Director of Breast Cancer, University of Michigan Health System and Comprehensive Cancer Center, Ann Arbor, Michigan [75]

Daniel F. Danzl

MD. Professor and Chair, Department of Emergency Medicine, University of Louisville, Louisville, Kentucky [454, 455]

Daniel D. Von Hoff

MD, FACP, FASCO, FAACR. Physician-in-Chief, Distinguished Professor, Translational Genomics Research Institute (TGEN), Phoenix, Arizona; Virginia G. Piper Distinguished Chair for Innovative Cancer Research and Chief Scientific Officer, Honor Health Research Institute; Chief Scientific Officer, US Oncology; Senior Consultant-Clinical Investigations, City of Hope; Professor of Medicine, Mayo Clinic, Scottsdale, Arizona [79]

Daniel B. Mark

MD, MPH. Professor of Medicine, Duke University Medical Center; Director, Outcomes Research, Duke Clinical Research Institute, Durham, North Carolina [3]

Daniel A. Portnoy

PhD. Professor, Department of Molecular and Cell Biology and the School of Public Health, University of California, Berkeley, Berkeley, California [146]

Dale N. Gerding

MD. Professor of Medicine (retired), Department of Medicine, Loyola University Chicago Stritch School of Medicine, Maywood, Illinois; Research Physician, Edward Hines Jr. Veterans Affairs Hospital, Hines, Illinois [129]

Colin N. Haile

MD, PhD. Assistant Professor, Menninger Department of Psychiatry and Behavioral Sciences, Baylor College of Medicine; Michael E. DeBakey VA Medical Center, Houston, Texas [446]

Clifford B. Saper

MD, PhD. James Jackson Putnam Professor of Neurology and Neuroscience, Harvard Medical School; Chairman, Department of Neurology, Beth Israel Deaconess Medical Center, Boston, Massachusetts [27]

Clara D. Bloomfield

MD. Distinguished University Professor; William G. Pace, III Professor of Cancer Research; Cancer Scholar and Senior Advisor, The Ohio State University Comprehensive Cancer Center; Arthur G. James Cancer Hospital and Richard J. Solove Research Institute, Columbus, Ohio [100]

Chung Owyang

MD. H. Marvin Pollard Professor of Internal Medicine; Professor of Molecular and Integrative Physiology; Chief, Division of Gastroenterology and Hepatology, University of Michigan Health System, Ann Arbor, Michigan [314, 320]

Christy A. Varughese

PharmD, BCPS. Clinical Pharmacy Specialist; Co-Director, Antimicrobial Stewardship Program, Department of Pharmacy, Rush University Medical Center, Chicago, Illinois [139]

Christopher W. Seymour

MD, MSc. Assistant Professor, Department of Critical Care and Emergency Medicine; The CRISMA Center, University of Pittsburgh School of Medicine, Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania [297]

Christopher P. Cannon

MD. Professor of Medicine, Harvard Medical School; Cardiovascular Division, Brigham and Women’s Hospital; Baim Institute for Clinical Research, Boston, Massachusetts [268]

Christopher M. Burns

MD. Associate Professor of Medicine, Geisel School of Medicine at Dartmouth, Dartmouth-Hitchcock Medical Center, Lebanon, New Hampshire [410]

Christopher H. Gibbons

MD, MMSc. Associate Professor of Neurology, Harvard Medical School; Beth Israel Deaconess Medical Center, Boston, Massachusetts [432]

Christopher H. Fanta

MD. Professor of Medicine, Harvard Medical School; Director, Partners Asthma Center; Member, Pulmonary and Critical Care Medicine Division, Brigham and Women’s Hospital, Boston, Massachusetts [34]

Christine M. Lovly

MD, PhD. Assistant Professor of Medicine, Division of Hematology-Oncology; Assistant Professor of Cancer Biology, Vanderbilt Ingram Cancer Center; Vanderbilt University Medical Center, Nashville, Tennessee [74]

Christine M. Albert

MD, MPH. Professor of Medicine, Harvard Medical School; Staff Physician, Brigham and Women’s Hospital, Boston, Massachusetts [299]

Christine Klein

MD. Professor of Neurology and Neurogenetics, Institute of Neurogenetics and Department of Neurology, University of Lübeck and University Hospital Schleswig-Holstein, Lübeck, Germany [427, 428]

Christine Grady

RN, PhD. Chief, Department of Bioethics, National Institutes of Health Clinical Center, Bethesda, Maryland [8]

Christine E. Hill-Kayser

MD. Assistant Professor of Radiation Oncology, Perelman School of Medicine, University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania [C4]

Charlotte A. Gaydos

DrPh, MS, MPH. Professor of Medicine, Johns Hopkins University, Division of Infectious Diseases, Baltimore, Maryland [184]

Charles W. Hoge

MD. Senior Scientist, Center for Psychiatry and Neuroscience, Walter Reed Army Institute of Research, Silver Spring, Maryland [C6]

Charles Lei

MD. Assistant Professor, Department of Emergency Medicine, Vanderbilt University Medical Center, Nashville, Tennessee [451]

Charles E. Davis

MD. Professor of Pathology and Medicine, Emeritus, University of California, San Diego School of Medicine; Director Emeritus, Microbiology, University of California, San Diego Medical Center, San Diego, California [216, C14]

Charles A. Dinarello

MD. Distinguished Professor of Medicine and Immunology, University of Colorado Denver, Aurora, Colorado; Professor of Experimental Medicine, Radboud University Medical Center, Nijmegen, The Netherlands [15]

Charles A. Czeisler

MD, PhD. Frank Baldino, Jr., PhD Professor of Sleep Medicine, Professor of Medicine and Director, Division of Sleep Medicine, Harvard Medical School; Chief, Division of Sleep and Circadian Disorders, Departments of Medicine and Neurology, Brigham and Women’s Hospital, Boston, Massachusetts [27]

Chantal P. Bleeker-Rovers

MD, PhD. Department of Internal Medicine, Radboud University Medical Center, Nijmegen, The Netherlands [17]

Chadi A. Hage

MD, FCCP. Associate Professor of Clinical Medicine, Thoracic Transplant Program, Indiana University Health, Indianapolis, Indiana [207]

Cesar A. Arias

MD, PhD, MSc, FIDSA. Professor of Medicine, Microbiology and Molecular Genetics; Director, Center for Antimicrobial Resistance and Microbial Genomics, McGovern Medical School at the University of Texas Health Science Center; Adjunct Professor, MD Anderson Cancer Center, Houston, Texas; Director, Molecular Genetics and Antimicrobial Unit and International Center for Microbial Genomics, Universidad, El Bosque, Bogota, Colombia [144]

Cem Akin

MD, PhD. Professor of Medicine, Department of Internal Medicine, Division of Allergy and Clinical Immunology, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, Michigan [347]

Caron A. Jacobson

MD. Instructor in Medicine, Harvard Medical School, Dana-Farber Cancer Institute, Boston, Massachusetts [104, 105]

Caroline M. Tanner

MD, PhD. Professor, Department of Neurology, University of California, San Francisco; Director, Parkinson’s Disease Research Education and Clinical Center, San Francisco Veteran’s Affairs Health Care System, San Francisco, California [426]

Carol A. Langford

MD, MHS. Harold C. Schott Endowed Chair; Director, Center for Vasculitis Care and Research, Department of Rheumatic and Immunologic Diseases, Cleveland Clinic, Cleveland, Ohio [356, 359, 367, 368, A14]

Carol A. Kauffman

MD. Professor of Internal Medicine, University of Michigan Medical School; Chief, Infectious Diseases Section, Veterans Affairs Ann Arbor Healthcare System, Ann Arbor, Michigan [214]

Carmella Evans-Molina

MD, PhD. J.O. Ritchey Scholar in Medicine; Associate Professor, Departments of Medicine and Pediatrics; Director of Diabetes Research in the Herman B Wells Center for Pediatric Research; Associate Director in the IU Center for Diabetes and Metabolic Diseases, Indiana University School of Medicine; Staff Physician, Richard L. Roudebush VA Medical Center, Indianapolis, Indiana [396]

Carl E. Freter

MD, PhD, FACP. Professor of Medicine; Director, Division of Hematology and Oncology; Associate Director, Cancer Center, Saint Louis University, St. Louis, Missouri [91]

Camille Nelson Kotton

MD, FIDSA, FAST. Clinical Director, Transplant and Immunocompromised Host Infectious Diseases, Infectious Diseases Division, Massachusetts General Hospital; Harvard Medical School, Boston, Massachusetts [190]

Calvin O. McCall

MD. Clinical Professor, Department of Dermatology, Virginia Commonwealth University Medical Center, Richmond, Virginia; Chief, Dermatology Section, Hunter Holmes McGuire Veterans Affairs Medical Center, Richmond, Virginia [53, A4]

Calum A. MacRae

MD, PhD. Associate Professor of Medicine, Harvard Medical School, Chief, Cardiovascular Medicine, Brigham and Women’s Hospital, Boston, Massachusetts [232]

C. Warren Olanow

MD, FRCPC, FRCP(hon). Professor and Chairman Emeritus, Department of Neurology; Professor Emeritus, Department of Neuroscience, Mount Sinai School of Medicine, New York, New York; CEO, Clintrex, LLC [427, 428]

C. Louise Thwaites

MD, MBBS. Oxford University Clinical Research Unit, Hospital for Tropical Diseases, Ho Chi Minh City, Vietnam [147]

Buddha Basnyat

MD, MSc, FACP, FRCP (Edinburgh). Director, Oxford University Clinical Research Unit, Patan Academy of Health Sciences; Centre for Tropical Medicine and Global Health, Nuffield Department of Clinical Medicine, University of Oxford, Oxford, United Kingdom; Medical Director, Nepal International Clinic and Himalaya Rescue Association, Kathmandu, Nepal [453]

Bruce U. Wintroub

MD. Professor and Chair, Department of Dermatology, University of California, San Francisco, San Francisco, California [56]

Bruce R. Bistrian

MD, PhD, MPH. Professor of Medicine, Harvard Medical School; Chief, Clinical Nutrition, Beth Israel Deaconess Medical Center, Boston, Massachusetts [328]

Bruce R. Bacon

MD. James F. King, MD Endowed Chair in Gastroenterology; Professor of Internal Medicine, Saint Louis University Liver Center, Saint Louis University School of Medicine, St. Louis, Missouri [337]

Bruce L. Miller

MD. A. W. and Mary Margaret Clausen Distinguished Professor of Neurology, Memory and Aging Center, Global Brain Health Institute, University of California, San Francisco School of Medicine, San Francisco, California [24, 25, 423-426, 430, Vídeo 26-1]

Bruce H. Cohen

MD. Professor of Pediatrics, Northeast Ohio Medical University; Director; NeuroDevelopmental Science Center; Director; Division of Neurology, Children’s Hospital Medical Center of Akron, Akron, Ohio [472]

Bruce D. Levy

MD. Professor of Medicine, Harvard Medical School; Pulmonary and Critical Care Medicine, Brigham and Women’s Hospital, Boston, Massachusetts [278, 294]

Bruce A. C. Cree

MD, PhD, MAS. Associate Professor of Clinical Neurology, Department of Neurology, UCSF Weill Institute for Neurosciences, University of California San Francisco, San Francisco, California [436, 437]

Brian F. Mandell

MD, PhD. Professor and Chairman of Medicine, Cleveland Clinic Lerner College of Medicine, Department of Rheumatic and Immunologic Disease, Cleveland Clinic, Cleveland, Ohio [367]

Brian C. Capell

MD, PhD. Instructor, Penn Epigenetics Institute and Department of Dermatology, University of Pennsylvania Perelman School of Medicine, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania [471]

Brendan D. Curti

MD. Director, Genitourinary Oncology Research and Clinical Biotherapy Programs; Co-Director, Melanoma Program, Earle A. Chiles Research Institute, Providence Cancer Center, Portland, Oregon [72]

Brad Spellberg

MD, FIDSA, FACP. Chief Medical Officer, LAC+USC Medical Center; Associate Dean for Clinical Affairs; Professor of Clinical Medicine, Division of Infectious Diseases, Keck School of Medicine at USC, Los Angeles, California [213]

Birgitte Jyding Vennervald

MD, MSA. Professor, Section for Parasitology and Aquatic Pathobiology, Faculty of Health and Medical Sciences, University of Copenhagen, Copenhagen, Denmark [229]

Bevra Hannahs Hahn

MD. Distinguished Professor of Medicine (Emeritus), University of California, Los Angeles, Los Angeles, California [349]

Betty Diamond

MD. The Feinstein Institute for Medical Research, Northwell Health System; Center for Autoimmunity and Musculoskeletal Diseases, Manhasset, New York [348]

Beth D. Kirkpatrick

MD. Professor of Medicine, Division of Infectious Diseases, Department of Medicine, University of Vermont Larner College of Medicine, Burlington, Vermont [162]

Bert Vogelstein

MD. Professor and Director, Ludwig Center at Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine, Baltimore, Maryland; Investigator, Howard Hughes Medical Institute, Chevy Chase, Maryland; Scholar, Lustgarten Foundation For Cancer Research, Bethpage, New York [67]

Bernard Lo

MD. President, The Greenwall Foundation, New York; Professor of Medicine Emeritus and Director Emeritus of the Program in Medical Ethics, University of California, San Francisco, San Francisco, California [8]

Benjamin K. Stoff

MD, MAB. Assistant Professor of Dermatology, Emory University School of Medicine, Senior Faculty Fellow, Emory Center for Ethics, Atlanta, Georgia [A4]

Barton F. Haynes

MD. Frederic M. Hanes Professor of Medicine and Immunology, Departments of Medicine and Immunology; Director, Duke Human Vaccine Institute, Duke University School of Medicine, Durham, North Carolina [342]

Bartolome R. Celli

MD. Professor of Medicine, Harvard Medical School; Staff Physician, Division of Pulmonary and Critical Care Medicine, Brigham and Women’s Hospital, Boston, Massachusetts [295]

Barry J. Make

MD. Co-Director, COPD Program; Professor, Department of Medicine, Division of Pulmonary, Critical Care and Sleep Medicine, National Jewish Health, University of Colorado Denver School of Medicine, Denver, Colorado [286]

Barnett S. Kramer

MD, MPH, FACP. Director, Division of Cancer Prevention, National Cancer Institute, Bethesda, Maryland [66]

Barbara W. Trautner

MD, PhD. Associate Professor, Section of Infectious Diseases, Department of Medicine, Baylor College of Medicine; Center for Innovations in Quality, Effectiveness, and Safety, Michael E. DeBakey Veterans Affairs Medical Center, Houston, Texas [130]

Barbara E. Murray

MD. J. Ralph Meadows Professor and Director, Division of Infectious Diseases; Professor of Microbiology and Molecular Genetics, McGovern Medical School at the University of Texas Health Science Center, Houston, Texas [144]

Barbara A. Konkle

MD. Professor of Medicine, Hematology, University of Washington; Associate Chief Scientific Officer, Bloodworks Northwest, Seattle, Washington [61, 111]

Baligh R. Yehia

MD, MPP, MSc. Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine, Baltimore, Maryland [393]

Babak Mokhlesi

MD, MSc. Professor of Medicine, Section of Pulmonary and Critical Care; Director, Sleep Disorders Center, Director, Sleep Medicine Fellowship, University of Chicago, Chicago, Illinois [290]

Ayalew Tefferi

MD. Professor of Medicine and Hematology, Mayo Clinic, Rochester, Minnesota [106]

Avindra Nath

MD. Chief, Section of Infections of the Nervous System; Clinical Director, National Institute of Neurological Disorders and Stroke (NINDS), National Institutes of Health, Bethesda, Maryland [134]

Augustine M. K. Choi

MD. Sanford I. Weill Chairman and Professor of Medicine, Joan and Sanford I. Weill Department of Medicine, Weill Cornell Medical College; Physicianin-Chief, New York-Presbyterian Hospital-Weill Cornell Medical Center, New York, New York [280]

Atul K. Bhan

MBBS, MD. Professor of Pathology, Harvard Medical School, Associate Director, Center for the Study of Inflammatory Bowel Disease, Massachusetts General Hospital, Boston, Massachusetts [A13]

Ashraf S. Ibrahim

PhD. Professor, Department of Medicine, Geffen School of Medicine, University of California, Los Angeles (UCLA); Division of Infectious Diseases, Los Angeles Biomedical Research Institute at Harbor–UCLA Medical Center, Torrance, California [213]

Ary L. Goldberger

MD. Professor of Medicine, Harvard Medical School; Wyss Institute for Biologically Inspired Engineering, Harvard University; Director, Margret and H. A. Rey Institute for Nonlinear Dynamics in Medicine; Director, NIH-sponsored Research Resource for Complex Physiologic Signals; Associate Chief, Division of Interdisciplinary Medicine and Biotechnology, Beth Israel Deaconess Medical Center, Boston, Massachusetts [235, A7, A9]

Arturo Casadevall

MD, PhD. Professor and Chair, Department of Molecular Microbiology and Immunology, Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health, Baltimore, Maryland [210]

Arnold R. Kriegstein

MD, PhD. Professor of Neurology; Director, Eli and Edythe Broad Center of Regeneration Medicine and Stem Cell Research, University of California, San Francisco, San Francisco, California [417]

Antonello Bonci

MD. Scientific Director, National Institute on Drug Abuse, National Institutes of Health, Baltimore, Maryland [447]

Anthony S. Fauci

MD. Chief, Laboratory of Immunoregulation; Director, National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases, National Institutes of Health, Bethesda, Maryland [1, 196, 197, 342, 356, A14, C2]

Anthony P. Weetman

MD, DSc. University of Sheffield, School of Medicine Sheffield, United Kingdom [375-378]

Anthony H. V. Schapira

MD, DSc, FRCP, FMedSci. Head and Professor, Department of Clinical Neurosciences, UCL Institute of Neurology; Director of UCL Royal Free Campus; Vice-Dean UCL, London, United Kingdom [427]

Anthony F. Massaro

MD. Instructor, Harvard Medical School; Director, Medical Intensive Care Unit, Division of Pulmonary and Critical Care, Brigham and Women’s Hospital, Boston, Massachusetts [296]

Anthony A. Killeen

MD, PhD. Professor, Department of Laboratory Medicine and Pathology, University of Minnesota, Minneapolis, Minnesota [C12]

Anthony A. Amato

MD. Professor of Neurology, Harvard Medical School; Vice-Chairman, Department of Neurology, Brigham and Women’s Hospital, Boston, Massachusetts [358, 438-441]

Anne Schuchat

MD. RADM, U.S. Public Health Service; Assistant Surgeon General, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, Georgia [118]

Anne Marie Valente

MD. Associate Professor of Medicine and Pediatrics, Harvard Medical School; Director of Outpatient Services, Boston Adult Congenital Heart Disease and Pulmonary Hypertension Program, Boston Children’s Hospital, Brigham and Women’s Hospital, Boston, Massachusetts [264]

Anne L. Fuhlbrigge

MD, MS. Senior Associate Dean for Clinical Affairs, University of Colorado School of Medicine; Chief Medical Officer, CU Medicine, Aurora, Colorado [280]

Anna Mae Diehl

MD. Florence McAlister Professor of Medicine; Director, Duke Liver Center, Duke University, Durham, North Carolina [336]

Ankoor Shah

MD. Assistant Professor, Department of Medicine, Division of Rheumatology and Immunology, Duke University Medical Center, Durham, North Carolina [351]

Anil K. Lalwani

MD. Professor and Vice Chair for Research; Director, Division of Otology, Neurotology and Skull Base Surgery; Director, Columbia Cochlear Implant Center, Columbia University College of Physicians and Surgeons; Medical Director of Perioperative Services, New York Presbyterian–Columbia University Irving Medical Center, New York, New York [30]

Anil Chandraker

MBChB, FRCP. Associate Professor of Medicine, Harvard Medical School; Medical Director of Kidney and Pancreas Transplantation; Director, Schuster Family Transplantation Research Center, Brigham and Women’s Hospital, Boston, Massachusetts [307]

Andrew Wellman

MD, PhD. Assistant Professor of Medicine, Division of Sleep Medicine, Harvard Medical School; Brigham and Women’s Hospital, Boston, Massachusetts [291]

Andrew W. Artenstein

MD. Chief Physician Executive and Chief Academic Officer, Baystate Health; Regional Executive Dean and Professor of Medicine, University of Massachusetts Medical School—Baystate, Springfield, Massachusetts [C5]

Andrew J. Pollard

PhD, FRCPCH, FMedSci. Professor of Paediatric Infection and Immunity, Department of Paediatrics, University of Oxford, Oxford, United Kingdom [150]

Andrew B. Onderdonk

PhD. Professor of Pathology, Harvard Medical School; Brigham and Women’s Hospital, Boston, Massachusetts [C13]

Andre D. Furtado

MD. Assistant Professor, Department of Radiology, School of Medicine, University of Pittsburgh, Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania [A16]

Andrea Dunaif

MD. Lillian and Henry M. Stratton Professor of Molecular Medicine; Chief, Hilda and J. Lester Gabrilove Division of Endocrinology, Diabetes and Bone Disease, Icahn School of Medicine at Mount Sinai, New York, New York [391]

Amy E. Bryant

PhD. Research Career Scientist, Veterans Affairs Medical Center, Boise, Idaho; Affiliate Associate Professor, University of Washington School of Medicine, Seattle, Washington [149]

Alvin C. Powers

MD. Joe C. Davis Chair in Biomedical Science; Professor of Medicine, Molecular Physiology and Biophysics; Director, Vanderbilt Diabetes Center; Chief, Division of Diabetes, Endocrinology, and Metabolism, Vanderbilt University Medical Center, Nashville, Tennessee [396-398]

Allen C. Steere

MD. Professor of Medicine, Harvard Medical School; Massachusetts General Hospital, Boston, Massachusetts [181]

Allan W. Wolkoff

MD. The Herman Lopata Chair in Liver Disease Research; Professor of Medicine and Anatomy and Structural Biology; Associate Chair of Medicine for Research; Chief, Division of Gastroenterology and Liver Diseases; Director, Marion Bessin Liver Research Center, Albert Einstein College of Medicine and Montefiore Medical Center, Bronx, New York [331]

Allan H. Ropper

MD, FRCP, FACP. Professor of Neurology, Harvard Medical School; Raymond D. Adams Master Clinician; Executive Vice Chair, Department of Neurology, Brigham and Women’s Hospital, Boston, Massachusetts [300]

Alison Morris

MD, MS. Professor, Vice Chair for Clinical Research, Department of Medicine and Immunology; Director, University of Pittsburgh HIV Lung Research Center, Division of Pulmonary, Allergy, and Critical Care Medicine, University of Pittsburgh School of Medicine, Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania [215]

Alfred L. George

Jr., MD. Magerstadt Professor and Chair, Department of Pharmacology, Feinberg School of Medicine, Northwestern University, Chicago, Illinois [303]

Alexander R. Green

MD, MPH. Associate Professor of Medicine, Harvard Medical School; Senior Scientist, Division of General Internal Medicine, Massachusetts General Hospital, Boston, Massachusetts [7]

Alexander J. McAdam

MD, PhD. Associate Professor of Pathology, Harvard Medical School; Medical Director, Infectious Diseases Diagnostic Laboratory, Children’s Hospital of Boston, Boston, Massachusetts [C13]

Alexander G. Marneros

MD, PhD. Associate Professor, Department of Dermatology, Harvard Medical School; Cutaneous Biology Research Center, Massachusetts General Hospital, Boston, Massachusetts [57]

Alan G. Barbour

MD. Professor of Medicine and Microbiology and Molecular Genetics, University of California Irvine, Irvine, California [180]

Alan C. Jackson

MD, FRCPC. Professor of Medicine (Neurology) and of Medical Microbiology, University of Manitoba; Section Head of Neurology, Winnipeg Regional Health Authority, Winnipeg, Manitoba, Canada [203]

Alain Fischer

MD, PhD. Director of Imagine Institute; Professor at College de France, Paris, France [344, C7]

Agnes B. Fogo

MD. Jon L. Shapiro Endowed Chair in Pathology; Professor of Pathology, Medicine and Pediatrics; Director, Renal Pathology/Electron Microscopy Laboratory, Vanderbilt University Medical Center, Nashville, Tennessee [A3]

Agam K. Rao

MD. Medical Officer, Division of Foodborne, Waterborne, and Environmental Diseases, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, Georgia [148]

Adolf W. Karchmer

MD. Professor of Medicine, Harvard Medical School; Former Chief, Division of Infectious Diseases, Beth Israel Deaconess Medical Center, Boston, Massachusetts [123]

Aaron W. Michels

MD. Associate Professor of Pediatrics and Medicine, Barbara Davis Center for Childhood Diabetes, University of Colorado School of Medicine, Aurora, Colorado [382]

Aaron S. Bernstein

MD, MPH. Pediatric Hospitalist, Boston Children’s Hospital; Associate Director, Center for Health and the Global Environment, Harvard T.H. Chan School of Public Health; Instructor, Harvard Medical School, Boston, Massachusetts [120]

Aaron Ermel

MD. Assistant Professor of Clinical Medicine, Department of Internal Medicine, Division of Infectious Diseases, Indiana University School of Medicine, Indianapolis, Indiana [193]

Aaron B. Waxman

MD, PhD. Associate Professor of Medicine, Harvard Medical School; Executive Director, Center for Pulmonary Heart Disease; Director, Pulmonary Vascular Disease Program, Pulmonary Critical Care Medicine, Cardiovascular Medicine, Brigham and Women’s Hospital, Boston, Massachusetts [277]

A. Victor Hoffbrand

DM. Emeritus Professor of Haematology, University College, London, London, United Kingdom [95]

A. Clinton White

Jr., MD. Professor, Infectious Disease Division, Department of Internal Medicine, University of Texas Medical Branch, Galveston, Texas [230]

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